Welcome to www.comprofessor.com a.k.a. Lynch Coaching: Media and Communication Prof's News and Views from Art Lynch. This blog exists to stimulate critical thinking, provide information on communication and media, stimulate discussion and share ideas. For additional media and other news see also sagactoronline.com. Thank you and tell your friends. - Art Lynch
So one of the great things about the Internet, maybe the great thing about the Internet, is that it is a truly open platform. We shouldn't take this for granted because the Internet could've evolved many different ways and we could have ended up with an Internet that feels and operates a lot more like cable TV, which is, you know, a closed system controlled by a relatively small number of players. So this is the good thing about the Internet but we got to be vigilant to make sure the Internet stays this way. People talk about the idea of Net neutrality, which is saying basically that. The Internet should be a platform that can be used by anybody for any purpose. It shouldn't favor content or services from one particular company over the other and the people who operate the Internet shouldn't be able to create systems that do that.
Jonathan Adelstein - FCC Commissioner
The concern is that large media companies, the very ones that dominate the landscape for old media, will also take over the new media and find ways to become gatekeepers and throttle the freedom of expression over the Internet in order to expand their own revenues.
Amy Goodman - Democracy Now
Right now there is a major effort by the cable companies and the telecommunications companies to write legislation that would privatize the Internet. The Internet is absolutely critical to grassroots, all over the world, communicating. It is the answer to corporate globalization—grassroots globalization. And if they privatize this invaluable public resource, it's going to shut down the information flow. So if you want to go to AT&T.com or Google.com, you can get there right away. If you want to go to DemocracyNow.org maybe it'll take an hour. If you want to go to an internet site of an untouchable organization in India maybe it won't come up at all. That's not acceptable.
It could be used for learning, it could be used for healthcare, it could be used for commerce, for democracy itself. All of these many important aspects of our lives are improved by the Internet. But in order for the Internet to achieve its highest potential, it has to maintain openness. It has to maintain freedom for expression, for the exchange of views, and for communications. Basic rules of the road, which the FCC is in a position to create and to enforce, are really needed to ensure that that openness remains the hallmark of the Internet.
0:00:05.7 Robin Sloan
Well, if you look at the history of democracy, at least in the United States, uh.. the printing press, and uh.. newspapers, things like that, were actually really important. It was the way that a lot of the early, early Americans, our founding fathers, and sort of, the generations after that, all talked to each other. And it was actually something that was very accessible. It wasn't- it wasn't quite the internet, you know, not anyone could just start a newspaper, but a lot of people could, and a lot of people did. It was actually a very democratic medium.
0:00:34.5 Richard Campbell
A lot of people argue that the- you know, the power of our media and the- the leadership position the United States sustained in media, particularly in the 20th Century, was because we had a commercial model, particularly in television. Uhm.. in which, in many other countries, put their broadcasting inside government, England did that, France put it inside the post office. Imagine if the post office was running television in this country, what might have happened.
0:01:05.4 Robin Sloan
Something interesting happened in the 20th Century, with the rise of TV. Uhm.. TV, for all of its power and magic, uhm.. and the sort of uh.. the lure of the- you know, the moving images, uh.. TV is actually not a very democratic medium, or it hasn't been, traditionally. If you look at the number of big TV companies in the world, companies that own channels, whether on broadcast TV or cable TV, companies that produce content, there's not that many. And so suddenly, it seems like we've taken a step back from this- from this medium that's actually very
democratic, and very open to something very closed. Uhm.. and something that really rewards the —you know, sort of the- the monopoly control of the media.
0:01:43.6 Jonathan Adelstein
Well, the internet has survived as an open medium. Nobody's in charge and everybody's in charge. That's the hallmark of the internet, is its openness and its neutrality, that we want to maintain. I don't think that requires regulation per se, but it requires that there be certain rules of the road that we maintain openness, that there be freedom for people to use whatever applications they want, to download whatever applications they want, and to be able to do things that are legal on the internet. This is a
cornerstone of the internet up until now. The concern is that large media companies, the very ones that dominate the landscape for old media will also take over the new media and find ways to become gatekeepers and try to throttle the freedom of expression over the internet in order to expand their own revenues.
0:02:34.9 Jamal Dajani
Well, in the Middle East, you don't have uh.. you don't have the coverage — uh.. I mean, of the internet like we have in the United States. It's really uh.. rel- related to the economy. So wealthy states, Dubai, United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, they have uhm.. good coverage. Uh.. But when you start talking about some countries in northern Africa, and- and other poorer uh.. areas, uhm.. I don't think you can find even uhm.. a broadb — band, I mean, I- I do
believe that this is something that- that everyone should have in the future. But that what brings me back to the power of satellite television, and- and the power of satellite digital television on democracy. What happen, and- and this is what's going to happen through the internet, because they work uhm.. similar, you know, whether you put that- that piece of information on the air through satellite, or- or through- or through uh.. the DLS lines. Borders has
disappeared in the Middle East, to give you an example, because of satellite television. So someone that's sitting in Morocco can watch what's going on in Cairo, or another story that's going on in uh.. in Lebanon, and they do not have to rely on their own uh.. television stations or local newspapers.
0:04:01.3 Jonathan Adelstein
That, I think is something that is anathema to everybody who believes in the future of the internet, who believes in it as a free and open platform for expression, for commerce, for having uh.. the types of communication that we couldn't have even have imagined when I was going to college. I mean, we used to have to uh.. have the mail, and the newspaper would come in, and you had broadcast, but we couldn't have dreamed of- of e-mail and instant communications and vast amounts of data that are available anywhere
in the country. Could be used for learning, it can be used for healthcare, it can be used for commerce, for democracy itself.
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Description:Tracing the history of media's role in democracy from newspapers and television to the Internet.
Featured Writer(s): Sloan, Robin Campbell, Richard Adelstein, Jonathan Dajani, Jamal
News is no longer news. The cable news network MSNBC has chosen civil rights activist Rev. Al Sharpton to host its 6 p.m. hour. Members of the National Association of Black Journalists have questioned the hiring, saying journalists of color should have the opportunity to host prime-time cable news shows. In any case, MSNBC's moves follows similar decisions by CNN (with Eliot Spitzer) and Fox News (with Mike Huckabee and Sarah Palin), which have recently turned to public figures -- not journalists -- to helm their high-profile programming. FOX News was the first to program for ratings instead of new content, created deliberately to bring to TV the financial success of AM Conservative Talk Radio. While you can scream about the damage to journalist, ratings are up on all of those shows. Sharpton, for example, was up 13% as he guest hosts. Cable news executives, who are mostly from a sales or entertainment background, want bombastic opinions, firing up the audience and keeping the quarter hours. Journalist do not do that, at least not as large and obvious as the new "anchor/hosts". Journalist are trained to be as balanced as possible, to report facts and when possible, to take the time to gather information accurately. Talking head celebrities are not trained in journalism, coming from politics, religion or social activism where sermons, opinion and advocacy are rewarded and a part of their very being. And the same audience that complains about the "decline in journalism" flock to the talking head, shouting opinionated celebrity hosts.