This chapter summary is written by the authors of the authors of the text, "Public Speaking, the Evolving Art (ISBN-13:978-0-534-636727-9). It is a summary and should not take the place of reading the textbook or using the other resources provided on Angel by the publisher, course instructor or school.
Organizing and Outlining Your Speech
Organizing your speech effectively helps you provide a clear message for your audience. Every speech includes four key parts: introduction, body, transitions, and conclusion.
The body of the speech comprises most of what you'll present: your main points and supporting materials. The working outline, with a rough sketch of your specific purpose, thesis, and initial ideas for main points, guides you in making the final selection of the main points for your speech. As you select and then develop your main points, apply the principles of clarity, relevance, and balance. Your main points must support your specific purpose and clearly indicate the response you want from your audience. In addition, main points must be relevant both to your topic and to one another, and they must be balanced in terms of their relative importance.
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Thursday, October 17, 2013
TV star salaries! Choppy waters for Noah's ark? Dark side of Carson.'Gravity' won't come down. Netflix and cable becoming friends?
"Two and a Half Men" stars Jon Cryer, left, and Ashton Kutcher are well-compensated. (CBS)
By Joe Flint
Los Angeles Times Company Town
(click here for the latest industry news).
After the coffee. Before dreading another argument with my bank.
The Skinny: My bank thinks my account has been compromised. I think I know what happened but finding someone to explain it to is making me feel like Kafka. Most annoying. Today's headlines include a list of the highest paid TV stars and creative differences over a movie about Noah's Ark. Also a profile of 20th Century Fox Television toppers Gary Newman and Dana Walden.
Am I the only one who thinks that if Yasiel Puig hadn't stopped to admire his big hit he could have had an inside-the-park-home-run? Hopefully if he hits another one like that tonight he'll run first and stare later! Today's Fix includes a look at those amazing "Walking Dead" numbers, a new series from Netflix and a movie about Edward Snowden may prove to be a hard sell. Oh, not included here but news nonetheless is that Tina Fey and Amy Poehler will host theGolden Globes for the next two years.
Tough day for my teams Sunday as the Redskins and Tigers took it on the chin. Also, no "Walking Dead" or "Good Wife" spoilers, please. Today's roundup includes the weekend box office recap, a story about Netflix possibly working with cable operators to distribute its service and the escalating fight between Aereo and broadcasters. If you are off today, enjoy it!
Daily Dose: It looks like Canada is going to force pay-TV distributors to offer channels on an individual basis to consumers. No doubt consumer advocates here who have pushed for so-called a la carte programming will be watching closely to see what happens. Efforts in the United States have proved a tough sell in large part because a case can be made that it won't actually reduce the cost of pay TV.
Here's one for soccer fans. Rupert Murdoch's 21st Century Fox has signed a far-reaching rights deal with the Deutsche Football League to carry its games in North and South America as well as Europe and Asia. Overall, the agreement covers 80 countries.
Per the NFL, the networks that carry football will continue to use the name Redskins. (LM Otero / Associated Press /October 15, 2013)
The controversy over the name Redskins shows no signs of slowing down and some reporters won't even use the name anymore. But the networks that carry the games -- NBC, CBS, Fox, ESPN and NFL Network-- won't be taking matters into their own hands anytime soon. Here's why.
Lost and found. "Black Angel," a short film made by art director Roger Christian, who received an Oscar for his set decoration work in the original "Star Wars," has been found after vanishing over three decades ago. Made with some help by George Lucas, the movie about a knight trying to save a princess had a couple of screenings and then mysteriously disappeared. The Los Angeles Times on the recovery of "Black Angel," which screened earlier this week at the Mill Valley Film Festival in Marin County.
The rich list. Once again a list of TV star salaries has been released. This one, from Forbes, hasAshton Kutcher as the highest paid actor on television. Neil Patrick Harris and Mark Harmon also make the cut. I've said this before and I'll say it again. Take these lists with a huge grain of salt. I've had to do them myself and sometimes it is akin to throwing darts. Agents and managers inflate numbers. Studios and networks low-ball. Just assume they all make more money than me and move on.
THE AUTEUR AND THE STUDIO ARE AT ODDS OVER THE FINAL CUT OF A $125 MILLION BIBLICAL EPIC PLAGUED BY TROUBLING REACTIONS FROM AUDIENCES IN NEW YORK (LARGELY JEWISH), ARIZONA (CHRISTIAN) AND ORANGE COUNTY, CALIF. (GENERAL PUBLIC).
Troubled waters? Paramount Pictures and director Darren Aronofsky are in a spat over "Noah," based on the biblical story of Noah's ark, according to the Hollywood Reporter. The movie has been tested recently and apparently reactions have not been what the studio was looking for and now the debates over potential changes and who has final cut are in full swing. Noah took two of each animal so maybe Paramount can make two different versions.
Aereo CEO Chet Kanojia (Jin Lee / Bloomberg)
To the Supremes? Big broadcasters including CBS, NBC, ABC and Fox want the Supreme Court to declare Aereo -- the start-up service that distributes local TV signals to consumers via the Internet -- illegal. The broadcasters argue that Aereo is dodging copyright laws through technical loopholes. Getting the Supreme Court to overturn a lower court's ruling in favor of Aereo is no sure thing. Coverage of the Aereo legal fight from the Los Angeles Times, New York Times and Broadcasting & Cable. Also, pay-TV company Cablevision, which previously sided with broadcasters in their fight with Aereo, blasted the Supreme Court filing as too far-reaching and looking to shut down new technology. More on that from the Los Angeles Times.
Room for debate? Like other broadcasters, NBC is trying to shut down Aereo, the startup service that streams local TV stations to consumers via the Internet. But some of the arguments broadcasters made to the Supreme Court last week -- if successful -- could potentially hurt technology cable companies such as NBC parent Comcast. The Wall Street Journal looks at the issues.
The Gary and Dana show. Variety salutes 20th Century Fox Television heads Gary Newman and Dana Walden in their latest issue, with several stories on the executives. By the time you're done reading, you'll know Walden's shoe size and whether Newman prefers boxers or briefs. That may actually come in handy when trying to sell them a script.
Here's the dark side of Johnny! Late "Tonight Show" host Johnny Carson was one of the biggest stars ever in television. Every night, he entertained millions without breaking a sweat, but between shows he was guarded and reclusive. All these years after his last show and subsequent death, the veil is starting to lift via a new book by Carson's former lawyer Henry Bushkin. A review from the New York Times.
"The Walking Dead" came back to life. (AMC)
"The Walking Dead" kills. Normally, an article about a TV show's ratings wouldn't make the cut for the Morning Fix, but AMC's zombie thriller "The Walking Dead" is no normal show. In its return Sunday night, "The Walking Dead" attracted 16.1 million viewers. Among 18-to-49-year-olds, it had more than 10 million viewers, better than any other show including football. It doesn't get the critical love of AMC's "Mad Men" and the recently concluded "Breaking Bad," but "The Walking Dead" is the show that drives that channel. More on the numbers from the Los Angeles Times and USA Today.
Taking the plunge. Sony is producing a drama for Netflix, making it the first big studio to take the plunge and make new content for the streaming service. The show is coming from the creators of"Damages," which ran on FX and later DirecTV's 101 channel. Of course, 20th Century Fox Television made fresh episodes of "Arrested Development" for Netflix, but that was seen as less of a gamble because the show came with a built-in cult audience. The Wall Street Journal on the Sony-Netflix combination.
Tough sell. A movie based on turncoat Edward Snowden is proving to be a tough sell with Hollywood. The New York Times says journalist Glenn Greenwald’s much-anticipated book about Snowden has some movie folks intrigued but there are a lot of questions not only about how Snowden's story will end but also about legal rights to his life. Also, will Americans embrace a movie about the so-called whistle- blower? Sounds to me more HBO than big screen.
Sleeper hit? The biggest surprise of the fall TV season may be the success of Fox's "Sleepy Hollow." The quirky drama, a modern-day twist on Ichabod Crane, is scoring big ratings despite (or because) of its rather absurd premise. Vulture tries to figure out why "Sleepy Hollow" has clicked.
Bad for America? It is a day for firsts here at the Morning Fix. Not only a TV ratings story, but we'll single out a review as well. The Hollywood Reporter said the CW's new drama "Reign" inspired by (I won't say based on) Mary Queen of Scots is "relentlessly bad" and "passionately inept" and even bad for America. Variety, meanwhile noted the raciness of the show and said it may be a combination of "Porky's" and "Caligula." Bet you never thought you'd see those two classic in the same sentence.
"Gravity" continues to orbit around the box office. (Warner Bros.)
Can't keep 'Gravity' down. "Gravity" continued to fly high at the box office, taking in $44.3 million in its second weekend. That is only a 21% drop from its premiere week. Finishing second with $26 million was "Captain Phillips," the Somali pirate drama starring Tom Hanks. I still need to see both of these films. Fortunately, given the way the Redskins are playing, I'll have some free time on Sundays. Also opening was Robert Rodriguez's "Machete," which could only chop its way to less than $4 million. Weekend box office recaps from the Los Angeles Times and Hollywood Reporter.
Frenemies. A couple of cable operators are talking with Netflix about making the online streaming service available to subscribers through set-top boxes, reports the Wall Street Journal. This is significant because Netflix is often seen as a competitor to cable and satellite TV's video offerings. On the other hand, cable operators figure they sell broadband too and Netflix users need lots of that so maybe there is some common ground. My hunch is this is a little ways off because of potential conflicts between programming carried by distributors and Netflix's own offerings.
Whipped? Over the weekend, "Sons of Anarchy" star Charlie Hunnam pulled out of his starring role in the movie version of the erotic novel "Shades of Grey." The spin from the production companies was that Hunnam's busy TV schedule was the cause. However, it's not like his TV obligations weren't known before he signed the contract and that has led to speculation that his concerns were more about the movie and not his workload. More from Variety.
Dominic West and Helena Bonham Carter star in "Burton and Taylor" on BBC America. (Gustavo Papaleo, BBC / October16, 2013)
Inside the Los Angeles Times: Steven Zeitchik on what may be next for the movie version of "Fifty Shades of Grey" after the departure of Charlie Hunnam. Mary McNamara on BBC America's "Burton and Taylor." The Los Angeles City Council approved a measure to waive fees for producers who shoot TV pilots in the city. Somali actor Barkhad Abdi is hijacking "Captain Phillips." Randall Roberts on Paul McCartney's new release.
Barkhad Abdi of "Captain Phillips." (Robert Caplin / For The Times)
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