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Tuesday, March 12, 2013

Catagories of Communication

Most people spend 80 to 90% of their time intentionally communicating.

Communication occurs in one way or another when two or more people are in the same environment at the same time, or we interact with media or fixed materials.

Communication is the process of acting on information (one of many definitions)

Human communication is the process of making sense out of the world and sharing that sense with others by creating meaning through the use of verbal and non-verbal messages.

Interpersonal communication is a distinctive transactional form of human communication involving mutual influence, usually for the purpose of managing relationships.

Interpersonal communication, which is communication between two people on inside a small group of people in a less formal environment.

Since all communication is transactional, requires a transaction, intrapersonal communication is often seen in terms of psychology and not social communication.

Social communication begins with two people, which is called a dyad

Interpersonal communication occurs best when you interact with another person as a unique, authentic individual.

A relationship is a unique connection established when you communication with another individual.

Mediated communication involved the use of technology or tools that have limitations in and of themselves. Pretty much any computer technology, including e-mail, blogs, web posts, text messaging, instant messaging and cellular communication are seen as mediated. The use of video, audio, or images seen as visual or presentation aids can also be seen as mediated communication,

Today mediated communication is blending with all other forms, including but not limited to the use of video and audio conferencing, over reliance on PowerPoint, YouTube and other tools or services, and the use of virtual tools rather then physical models or examples.

Mass Communication occurs when the same message is communicated to many people.

intercultural communication is communication between (inter) cultures.

Public Communication occurs when the speaker addresses an audience in person.

Public speaking is also known as presentational speaking, where one or more speakers address a group or audience.

Small Group Communication occurs when a group meets to react with a common purpose and to mutually influence each other. Such groups are generally 3 to 15 people (rule of thumb).

In small group communication there is at least three individuals and can range up to what some social scientist cap at about a dozen. There is no fixed number.

The context in which messages go up and down hierarchies is called organizational communication.

Intrapersonal Communication is communication with yourself.

Intrapersonal communication is communication in which there is one person

Successful Presentations

1.  Introduce yourself briefly. Give your name, position, and special area of interest/expertise in just a couple of sentences.

2.  Focus your presentation. Choose one topic from the course you are being recruited for. Have a beginning middle and end. Introduce the issue, define the piece of it that you intend to present, and tell why it is important. Present your topic, then answer questions and summarize what was said/conclusions. In other words, "Tell them what you are going to say. Say it. Tell them what you said." Be aware that the people in the group come from diverse fields. Define terminology that may be unfamiliar to those outside your field

3.  Capture the group's attention. Begin with a group quiz, an illustration, a cartoon, or an anecdote. Make use of all senses for learning: hearing, seeing (overheads, poster boards, printed materials), touching (handouts or objects to pass around).

4.  Rehearse your presentation and limit yourself to 8 minutes. Every presentation will improve if it is rehearsed. You will be given a "two-minute warning" before your time is up. Even if you aren't finished, make a closing statement and conclude your presentation

5.  Get people talking! To be successful, you will need to elicit participation, ask questions or divide the class into small groups. Two-way exchange is critical to this exercise. Avoid lecturing, drawn-out explanations, "war-stories," or tall tales.

6.  Involve your audience. A successful presentation depends upon the involvement of your audience. You will also be called on to demonstrate your interaction skills by participating as a student while listening to other presentations.

7.  Lead, don't lecture.  Remember that your success depends on how well you can get your students to interact with your information, not on how much information you can provide them.

8.  Conclude on time.  The inability to complete your presentation in a timely fashion may indicate a lack of preparation on your part.  Make sure that you can say what you want to say within your time requirement. 

Source: Univeristy of Phoenix and Purdue University

Have you noticed how your computer has become intrusive?

How about your phone?

Your iPad?

A constant stream of beeps, tones, flashing, buzzing...

Intrusive messages flash across your screen with reminders, e-mail summaries, logos, ads.

And we let it.

We sit there and just get use to it, convincing ourselves we want it or need it.

It started with banner ads on web sites, then tiny bugs on TV and now full banners with animation distracting from whatever you are watching.

Not nothing is immune from phone to computer to signage on subways and at the mall.

All calling for your attention 24/7, if you forget to turn them off.

How and why did we allow this to happen?

Studied have shown that the new barrage of information and messages has led to stress, attention span decrease, decrease in work productivity and even heart attack.

Yet we let it happen and welcome the next barrage, the next new idea.


(My latest is Xmarks reminders that keep popping up and seem to never go away, help systems that let you read letters from others who are lost and trying to figure out what you are instead of talking to an expert who can talk yo through solving it, and even more of your time stolen and stress increased by people out to make a buck off of you and nothing more)