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Saturday, August 31, 2013

Kim Russell's Award Winning Work "Love Letters of a Tuskegee Airman"

Story of a Red Tail Tuskegee Airman, his wife and orphaned daughter

Tuskegee Love Letters - by Kim Russell
When America called, African American men and their wives responded

Tuskegee Love Letters is a collection of actual, intimate, personal letters between a wife and husband, separated by war. Written during World War II,
by a Tuskegee Airman and family, each letter is heartfelt
and filled with love, concern and hope. 
America's war widows of today will understand the 
anguish and the joy and the humor. 
As the story evolves, read the daughter's
journey to learn more about her parents.

Excellent piece for stage setting, museum setting, veteran celebrations, classroom or humanities discussions.
One-act readers theater 
Cast of 4 people - 2 women, 2 men, 16 pages
Read Tuskegee Love Letters and the Harlem project television series. Dramatic story of Harlem from WWII through the Civil Rights Era. It’s love story, and a story of patriotism. It is the story of 
Las Vegas Kim Russel's non-fiction and very heart felt play...A Kennedy Center Play.

Potty Training, Autism, Special Needs and Avitars

My daughter Ann and her husband Collin are launching a new company using Avatars to help children potty train, with a focus on special needs and children with autism.

Your feedback and ideas are welcome.

We are putting together the finishing touches on our SeeMeGoPotty App. We are including an informal list of potty training tips to help parents. We would love to include tips from friends and family. We are looking for your best potty training tips. Please "Like" our fan page and write your best tip(s) on the Avakid wall. Freely share this request with your friends and family too! The more the merrier. Thanks!

Avakid creates personalized child avatar-based, visual learning tablet (e.g. ipad) / smartphone apps for children. Our apps are particularly helpful for children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) and other developmental delays, but are good for typically developing children as well. The company was founded by Colin Smith and Ann Power Smith, PhD, the parents of three children: two neurotypical children and one ASD-diagnosed child. The product ideas are inspired by the Smiths’ experience with their children and grounded in Ann’s expertise in the neurobiology of learning and memory. Before becoming a mother, Ann completed her PhD in neuroscience at UC Irvine, in the Center for the Neurobiology of Learning and Memory. Her graduate work was focused on examining the contribution of particular brain areas (especially the basolateral amygdala, hippocampus, and neocortex) and neurotransmitters (especially acetylcholine and norepinpehrine) on memory storage, and the influence of stress and stress hormones on memory storage. Her neuroscientific education was broad, ranging from experimental psychology to systems and cellular neurobiology. In her postdoctoral research at the Reeve-Irvine Research Center, also at UC Irvine, she examined the role of activity regulated gene expression in the above brain areas in emotional memory storage as well as the role of protein synthesis in different forms of memory storage. Her research findings are published under her maiden name, Ann E. Power. Colin and Ann now own and operate Write Science Right, a scientific editing, translation, and consulting company that was established in 2001. Avakid’s first product, the SeeMeGoPotty app, came about based on Colin and Ann’s experience potty training their children. Their middle child, Grace, had been difficult to potty train owing to her communication delay, related to her having an ASD. Grace’s mom, Ann, created a custom, realistic bathroom narrative slide show in PowerPoint® of Grace going to the bathroom: feeling the need to go pee, walking to the bathroom, pulling down pants, peeing, washing hands, etc. Grace immediately recognized the cartoon as herself, and enjoyed looking at it over and over. She readily transferred the process and the vocabulary of the process to potty training in real life and was finally fully and successfully potty trained within a few weeks. When the Smiths’ youngest (typically developing) daughter Kyra was ready to potty train, Ann was preparing to adapt Grace’s potty training slide show for Kyra, and commented on how nice it would have been to have thought of this when they were potty training their eldest (typically developing) son Aiden, who had been outright defiant to the process. Moreover, they realized how all potty training parents could appreciate this teaching tool, and AvaKid was born with the development of the SeeMeGoPotty app.

English is a bastard language

"English is a Bastard Language"
-JR Melkin

As we have discussed in class, why is facial spelled facial and while spatial uses a 'T'? Why le, el, al, and l are used in different words but sound the same? Who makes up these words?

Because we steal from everyone to make English the most complete and flexible language in the world. It was born of French, Norse, Latin and other laguages mixed in a cultural pot. I suggest you read "the Story of English" or rent the PBS video of the same title.

Now on to some fun with words...

 With a special thank you to my friend Charlie DiPinto, actor and professional Stooge (Curley).

An Ode of English Plurals
(shouldn't this read an ode to English plurals)

We'll begin with a box, and the plural is boxes,

But the plural of ox becomes oxen, not oxes.

One fowl is a goose, but two are called geese,

Yet the plural of moose should never be meese.

You may find a lone mouse or a nest full of mice,

Yet the plural of house is houses, not hice.

If the plural of man is always called men,

Why shouldn't the plural of pan be called pen?

If I speak of my foot and show you my feet,

And I give you a boot, would a pair be called beet?

If one is a tooth and a whole set are teeth,

Why shouldn't the plural of booth be called beeth?

Then one may be that, and three would be those,

Yet hat in the plural would never be hose,

And the plural of cat is cats, not cose.

We speak of a brother and also of brethren,

But though we say mother, we never say methren.

Then the masculine pronouns are he, his and him,

But imagine the feminine: she, shis and shim!

Let's face it - English is a crazy language.

There is no egg in eggplant nor ham in hamburger;

neither apple nor pine in pineapple.

English muffins weren't invented in England.

We take English for granted, but if we explore its paradoxes,

we find that quicksand can work slowly, boxing rings are square,

and a guinea pig is neither from Guinea nor is it a pig.

And why is it that writers write but fingers don't fing,

grocers don't groce and hammers don't ham?

Doesn't it seem crazy that you can make amends but not one amend.

If you have a bunch of odds and ends and

get rid of all but one of them, what do you call it?

If teachers taught, why didn't preachers praught?

If a vegetarian eats vegetables, what does a humanitarian eat?

Sometimes I think all the folks who grew up speaking English

should be committed to an asylum for the verbally insane.

In what other language do people recite at a play and play at a recital?

We ship by truck but send cargo by ship.

We have noses that run and feet that smell.

We park in a driveway and drive in a parkway.

And how can a slim chance and a fat chance be the same,

while a wise man and a wise guy are opposites?

You have to marvel at the unique lunacy of a language

in which your house can burn up as it burns down,

in which you fill in a form by filling it out, and

in which an alarm goes off by going on.

And in closing, if Father is Pop, how come Mother's not Mop?

Amazon's open call to filmmakers for video submissions. Did the Mormon church ban Saturday Night LIve? Paula Dean supporters take to Facebook. 'The Heat' to heat up weekend. Netflix introduces its own Siri.

Horsey on Hollywood: Paula Deen
Food Network hostess Paula Deen found herself in hot oil after revelations she'd used the N-word. (David Horsey / Los Angeles Times / June 25, 2013)

Paula Deen, the Southern celebrity chef, has been dumped from the Food Network like a stale beignet. Her Georgia roots are what made her a unique talent in the foodie world, and the darker ends of those roots are what got her in trouble.
When her use of the N-word and her less-than-PC racial humor came to light in a court deposition, Deen suddenly found herself swept up in the kind of bad publicity that offers no upside. (There’s Charlie Sheen bad -- so bad that it becomes entertainment; and there’s Mel Gibson bad -- just plain toxic.) Deen’s tearful apologies and pleas for understanding on both the "Today" show and CNN did not stop business partners such as Wal-Mart, Smithfield Foods, Home Depot and Caesars Entertainment from cutting ties with her.
Some came to the chef’s defense -- among them the fevered conspiracy monger Glenn Beck, who said Deen’s right to free speech was being infringed -- but she apparently had few, if any, champions at the place that had made her a star, the Food Network.
The gourmand and glutton channel was so quick to cancel her show that there may well have been more to it than concern about a few instances of offensive language. Deen’s ratings are reported to have been on a steep skid from a high in 2011.
In the hot kitchen and sharp knives of the entertainment business, if your slice of audience is not much more than a nibble, you will soon find yourself off the menu, no matter the circumstances.

"The Heat"
"The Heat" looks to smoke the competition. (MCT / June 27, 2013)

The Skinny: After writing the words News Corp. for my entire career, I now have to start writing 21st Century Fox when describing the company that houses Rupert Murdoch's entertainment assets. How many times do you think I'll screw up until I get that one down pat? Friday's headlines include the weekend box office preview and a review of "The Heat."

William Bratton
Former LAPD Police Chief William Bratton, shown outside of Dodger Stadium, has joined NBC News as a criminal justice analyst. (Gary Friedman / Los Angeles Times / April 14, 2011)

Former LAPD Chief Bill Bratton becomes NBC News analyst

William J. Bratton, former Los Angeles Police Departmentchief and former police commissioner of New York and Boston, has joined NBC News as an analyst specializing in police counterterrorism efforts, domestic intelligence gathering and criminal justice.
The Comcast-owned network said Thursday that Bratton -- already a familiar face on TV in the aftermath of such high-profile events as the Boston Marathon bombing and the Christopher Dorner shooting rampage in Southern California -- would regularly appear on NBC News programs as well as on the company's cable news channel MSNBC.
Bratton, 65, served as L.A. police chief from 2002 to 2009. A respected law enforcement figure, he is currently the chief executive of the consulting practice Bratton Group. He also runs Bratton Technologies, which operates BlueLine, a global law enforcement professional social media network.
Bratton -- a U.S. Army veteran who saw service in Vietnam -- began his police career in 1970 as an officer with the Boston Police department. 

Daily Dose: Aereo, the startup company that offers customers broadcast signals via the Internet, said it will debut in Chicago next. Aereo has been met with lawsuits from the big broadcast companies over copyright issues and the legal battle drags on. In the meantime, Aereo still won't disclose how many people have signed up in New York City, where it is most active. 

White House Down Tatum Foxx - H 2013
Columbia Pictures
"White House Down"
Boys vs. Girls. The big box office battle this weekend will feature "White House Down" going against "The Heat." The former stars Jamie Foxx and Channing Tatum while the latter featuresSandra Bullock and Melissa McCarthy. "The Heat" is expected to top "White House Down" but both will trail last week's champ "Monsters University." Box office previews from the Los Angeles Timesand Hollywood Reporter.

Jon Voight as Mickey Donovan and Liev Schreiber as his son, Ray Donovan, in Showtime's 'Ray Donovan.'
Stepping up. Hoping to continue to build its subscriber base and its standing with critics, Showtime is launching two new shows in the next few months -- "Ray Donovan," about a Hollywood fix-it guy, and "Masters of Sex," about sex researchers William Masters and Virginia Johnson. The Wall Street Journal looks at the business motivations behind Showtime's new shows. While I haven't seen "Masters of Sex" yet, I didn't care for "Ray Donovan," which can best be described as "Entourage"meets "The Departed" meets "The Sopranos" meets "The Boxer." 

Screen shot from Amazon Studios' development slate.

Amazon's open call to filmmakers now includes video submissions

Script-writing isn't for everyone, so Inc.'s movie and TV production arm is now encouraging filmmakers to submit "concept videos" that could be developed into features.
Amazon, which is in a race with more established players likeNetflix to develop original content, launched Amazon Studios in 2010 and has been accepting script submissions for movies. It has received 1,400 movie scripts to date.
But now, people have the option to upload a two- to 15-minute video instead. Just like with the scripts, Amazon has 45 days after submission to decide whether to option the concept for a commercial film.  
"Short films are an amazing way for filmmakers to share a vision and tell a story, and now Amazon Studios’ open door for creators is widening to include short concept videos for development options," the company said in an email. 
The company pays the filmmakers $10,000 to the filmmaker if the submission is optioned for Amazon's development slate within the 45-day period. If the company buys the project and its associated rights, Amazon will pay $200,000. 
Its website shows it has 26 movies currently slated for development. The company has a first-look deal with Warner Bros. for the theatrical release of the films. 
In May, Amazon gave the green light to five new shows for its Prime Instant Video service. The company has received about 4,000 TV pilot scripts. 

Timer Warner Cable app for Xbox 360
Time Warner Cable has made an agreement with Microsoft Corp. to bring its TV app to the tech giant's Xbox 360 devices.(Andrew Harrer / Bloomberg)

Cable Controller for X-Box. After already launching applications for smartphones, tablets and Roku's set-top boxes, Time Warner Cable has made an agreement with Microsoft Corp. to bring its TV app to the tech giant's Xbox 360 devices. 
The TWC TV app, which will launch as early as next month, gives the cable company's subscribers access to live TV through the popular gaming console. TWC will bring video-on-demand to the device through the app later this year.
“With the tens of millions of boxes out there with our customers already, this is a pretty exciting development for us,” said Mike Angus, senior vice president and general manager of video for Time Warner Cable. “We are responding to the customer’s desire for great flexibility for all the services we’re providing to them." 
The app gives subscribers access to up to 300 live channels through their Xbox 360.  
There's no shortage of potential users. Microsoft in June said it has sold about 76 million of the consoles.
Time Warner Cable became available to Roku users in March, followed by apps for Apple and Android devices. Earlier this month, the company said it is expanding the service to Samsung's Smart TVs this summer. 
“We are very much embracing the notion of bringing television to customers in the ways they want to watch it,” Angus said.  
It's not the first to the market, though. Comcast launched an Xbox 360 app for its Xfinity TV service last year.  

Urge to merge. The big obsession of the business media as of late is what cable mogul John Malonewill do next. Malone's Liberty Media recently bought a minority stake in cable operator Charter Communications. Since then there has been constant speculation that Charter will go after Time Warner Cable and/or Cablevision Systems. Malone no doubt will be asked that every day he's spotted at next month's Allen & Co. media conference in Sun Valley, Idaho. The latest of what I guarantee won't be the last article about Charter and Time Warner Cable from Bloomberg.

PRIVATE SCREENING: Animated sitcom‘FamilyGuy’ Malone eyes TWC is the top-watched show on Hulu.
Round two. The next round of bidding for Hulu is expected to weed out a lot of the suitors. Both the New York Post and Variety say Yahoo will be dropping out. The potential buyers getting the most attention now are satellite broadcaster DirecTV, Guggenheim Digital and the Chernin Co. Personally, like the Malone story, I've grown a little tired of this one too.

Back home. Salt Lake City NBC affiliate KSL-TV will start airing "Saturday Night Live" on a regular basis for the first time in almost 20 years. KSL-TV, which is owned by the Church of Latter-day Saints, has often refused to carry NBC shows it finds risque. However, according to Broadcasting & Cable, the reason behind the "SNL" ban was that the station did well with a local sports show in the same time slot. Now that show has lost some of its ratings prowess, so "SNL" is returning. Don't think Salt Lake City has been without "SNL" since 1995, NBC had simply get another station in the market to carry it. 
Also a blunt report from a Salt Lake City viewer and media watcher:

Meet Max, the new voice of Netflix
Netflix Inc. has unveiled a talking, human-like interface named "Max," who invites subscribers to play irreverent mini games that inject humor into the process of delivering viewing suggestions. (Netflix Inc.)

Maybe Max will date Siri. Netflix is launching an audio service to help its customers find what they want to watch. Something tells me I won't be using Max too much. I spend enough of my day talking to fake people. More on Max from the Los Angeles Times.

Paula Deen
People who have worked with Paula Deen are defending her on Facebook. (Associated Press)

Paula Deen staffers rush to her defense on Facebook

Current and former staffers who have worked for embattledFood Network star Paula Deen are taking to social media to defend her and attack the media for its coverage of the scandal around her admitted use of a racial epithet in the past.
"I can say with certainty that I have never witnessed her say or do anything that could be construed as racist or bigoted," wrote Brianna Beaudry Blagg, who worked as a producer for Deen. "Paula has proved herself to be a warm, caring, compassionate person, with close friends of all races and sexual orientations."
Blagg acknowledged Deen is flawed, but added she is being unfairly condemned by a media that -- like a shark -- senses blood in the water.
"I find it disturbing the way her words are being distorted in our scandal-hungry 'headline instead of the whole story' media culture, and the sheep-like angry-mob cruelty that goes along with that."
Becky Prescott, who has worked with Deen for seven years, said on Facebook that she is "nothing like what the media is portraying."
Charlise Holmes, an African American former producer for Deen, said she spent two years on set with "access to everything" and "never once felt disrespected" and that every interaction was pleasant. Holmes said she read Deen's deposition in which the chef acknowledges using the N-word but "still has love" for her.
"It's no more shocking than stuff I've heard other people say, or have said myself," Holmes said. "Does that make it OK? Maybe not, but I'm glad my junk isn't out there for the world to judge."

Inside the Los Angeles Times: Betsy Sharkey on the Sandra Bullock-Melissa McCarthy summer comedy "The Heat." The film "Fruitvale Station" about the shooting of Oscar Grant by a Bay Area law enforcement officer is tough to watch for Grant's mother. 

Director Ryan Coogler, left, and actor Michael B. Jordan at the BART Fruitvale station. Both believe they could have easily been in Grant’s shoes. (Al Seib / Los Angeles Times)

Friday, August 30, 2013

The longest word in the English langage that is not a place...

Antidisestablishmentarianism (listen to British sample , American sample ) is a political position that originated in 19th-century Britain in opposition to proposals for the disestablishment of the Church of England, that is, to remove the Anglican Church's status as the state church of England, Ireland, and Wales. (Source: Wikipedia).

The establishment was maintained in England, but in Ireland the Church of Ireland (Anglican) was disestablished in 1871. In Wales, four Church of England dioceses were disestablished in 1920, subsequently becoming the Church in Wales.

The question of disestablishment of the Church of England is still current, often tied with the position of the English monarch as "Supreme Governor" of the Church (see Act of Settlement 1701). Those who wish to continue the establishment of the Church of England are referred to as Antidisestablishmentarians.[1]

[edit] Word length

The word is often referenced in English-speaking popular culture on account of its unusual length of 28 letters and 12 syllables. It is one of the longest words in the English language.[2] It is commonly believed to be the longest word in English found in major dictionaries (, excluding coined and technical terms.[2] A slightly longer but less commonly accepted variant of the word can be found in the Duke Ellington song "You're Just an Old Antidisestablishmentarianismist"[3] although the correct construction of that word would be "antidisestablishmentarianist" (without the "ism") or "antidisestablishmentarian".
The word construction is as follows (the numbers succeeding the word refer to the number of letters in the word):
establish (9)
to set up, put in place, or institute (originally from the Latin stare, to stand)
dis-establish (12)
to end the established status of a body, in particular a church, given such status by law, such as the Church of England
disestablish-ment (16)
the separation of church and state (specifically in this context it is the political movement of the 1860s in Britain)
anti-disestablishment (20)
opposition to disestablishment
antidisestablishment-ary (23)
of or pertaining to opposition to disestablishment
antidisestablishmentari-an (25)
an opponent of disestablishment
antidisestablishmentarian-ism (28)
the movement or ideology that opposes disestablishment

Public Speaking help links

How to Deliver a Great Speech in 3 Easy Steps Would you like to know more about how to how to deliver a great speech in public? Read on and find out about how to deliver a great speech in 3 simple steps!
How to Plan a Great Presentation - Setting Your Objectives Nothing inspires confidence in a speaker more than knowing that their message is exactly right for this audience, and to feel totally clear about its delivery from start to finish! Arguably, there is no such thing as presentation nerves. Just people who don't know how to plan a presentation or can't be bothered! And guess what? It is the thoroughly prepared and well rehearsed presenter, talking with an audience rather than reciting Powerpoint text, who displays those powerful persuasion skills and congruence that wins an audience over.
How to Deliver an Efficient Presentation There is no incontrovertibly that some people are so afraid of speaking in the public that they would rather die. Well, the following tips would be of help for those people who are going to give their first presentation or the 100th. Hope these tips can make you more confident, and deliver more powerful presentations.
Public Speaking Tips - How to Deliver a Better Presentation There are lots of people who feel uncomfortable speaking in front of an audience. Of course there are also other who feel quite at ease when speaking in public. Still even these people feel anxious sometimes and they are just better at hiding it. To lose some of that anxiousness follow my tips below to become a better public speaker.
How to Deliver a Presentation With Confidence Public speaking is the number one fear in the U.S. and not without a reason. Speaking in front of other people can make us feel quite uncomfortable especially when you start to notice that your listeners aren't really listening after all.  Click on "read more" below for additional links (and use right hand column links on this blog).

Wednesday, August 28, 2013

So why is Obamacare so terrible?

Photobucket President Obama signed the Affordable Care Act (ObamaCare) into law on March 23, 2010. Since then, there has been a lot of talk about repealing ObamaCare. In fact, House Republicans passed unanimously voted in favor of repealing ObamaCare by a 245-189 vote with three Democrats [Rep. Dan Boren (OK), Rep. Mike McIntyre (N.C.), and Rep. Mike Ross (Ark.)] joining in with the Republican majority.

Sometime ignorance is bliss when what you don't know is just more comfortable than seeking the truth. So, here is why it is important that we speak about what ObamaCare has done to date and if you believe a right wing polling entity like Rasmussen Reports, why we must change the hearts and minds of the 54% of likely U.S. Voters who still seem to favor repealling one of the most comprehensive Health Care Reform Bill.

The only way to remedy misinformation and ignorance is by sharing sourced and factual information about what ObamaCare has achieved for Americans. Below is a summation of the benefits and what ObamaCare has contributed in helping Americans since the Affordable Care Act (ObamaCare) passed into law.

Benefits of the Affordable Care Act (ObamaCare):

1) Prevents denial of coverage to children with pre-existing conditions.

2) Adults up to age 26 can stay on their parents’ health plans.

3) Requires new health plans to provide free preventive care without cost-sharing such as co-pays or deductibles. HHS issued interim final regulations on preventive services and amendment to the final regulations.

4) Prohibits rescinding coverage making it illegal. Prohibits lifetime limits on the dollar value of insurance coverage.

5) Prohibits annual limits on insurance coverage.

6) More options to appeal coverage decisions.

7) Provides $5 billion in immediate federal support to affordable Coverage for the Uninsured with Pre-existing Conditions.

8) Provides a $10 billion investment in Community Health Centers to expand medical services.

9) Create immediate access to re-insurance for employer health plans providing coverage for early retirees over age 55 who are not eligible for Medicare.

10) Implemented a process that requires states to review insurance companies premium increases. The final rule for the insurance rate review program was published in the Federal Register on May 19, 2011.

11) Provided grants worth almost $250 million ($46 million and $199 million) to assist States enforce the insurance rate review program.

12) Provides tax credits or grants to employers with 250 or fewer employees for up to 50% of the investments costs in projects that qualifying Therapeutic Discovery Project. About a $1 billion in tax credits and grants have been provided by end of 2010.

13) Appropriated $5 billion for fiscal years 2010 through 2014 and $2 billion for each of the subsequent five fiscal years to support prevention and public health programs.

14) Provides a $250 rebate to 750,000 Medicare Beneficiaries who reach the Part D coverage gap in 2010. As of March 22, 2011, 3.8 million beneficiaries had received a $250 check to close the coverage gap, according to an HHS report.

15) Requires pharmaceutical manufacturers to provide a 50% discount on brand-name prescriptions and a 7% and 14% generic drug discount (in 2011 and 2012, respectively) filled in the Medicare Part D coverage gap.

16) Businesses with fewer than 25 employees will get tax credits covering up to 35% of employee premiums effective 2011 and a 50% tax credit effective 2013.

17) Creates a state option to provide Medicaid coverage to childless adults with incomes up to 133% of the federal poverty level. By 2014, States are required to provide this coverage.

18) Provides a 10% Medicare bonus payment for primary care services and to general surgeons practicing in health professional shortage areas.

19) Requires insurance companies spend at least 80 to 85 percent of the proportion of the premium dollars on clinical services and issue a rebate if the share of the premium spent is less than the threshold.

20) Creates a temporary program to provide health coverage to individuals with pre-existing medical conditions who have been uninsured for at least six months.

21) Imposes a tax of 10% on the amount paid for indoor tanning services.

22) Expands eligibility for the 340(B) drug discount program to sole-community hospitals, critical access hospitals, certain children’s hospitals, and other entities with a savings estimated to be 20% to 50% on the cost of pharmaceuticals and reaching more eligible patients while providing more comprehensive services.

23) Eliminates cost-sharing for Medicare-covered preventive services that are recommended (rated A or B) by the U.S.

24) Preventive Services Task Force.As of October 6, 2011, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) reported that 20.5 million people had participated in the free Annual Wellness Visit.

25) Provides 3-year grants worth $100 million to states to develop programs for Medicaid enrollees with incentives to participate in comprehensive health lifestyle programs.

26) Awarded $185 million worth of grants as of August 2011 to states to begin planning for the establishment of American Health Benefit Exchanges and Small Business Health Options Program Exchanges, which facilitate the purchase of insurance by individuals and small employers.

27) Requires disclosure of the nutritional content of standard menu items at chain restaurants and food sold from vending machines.

28) Imposes new annual fees on the pharmaceutical manufacturing sector. The sector will be assessed at the following rates: $2.8 billion in 2012 through 2013, $3 billion in 2014 through 2016, $4 billion in 2017, $4.1 billion in 2018 and $2.8 billion in 2019 and after.