Welcome to www.comprofessor.com a.k.a. Lynch Coaching: Media and Communication Prof's News and Views from Art Lynch. This blog exists to stimulate critical thinking, provide information on communication and media, stimulate discussion and share ideas. For additional media and other news see also sagactoronline.com. Thank you and tell your friends. - Art Lynch
Women now outnumber men on college campuses. Women earn about 60% of all undergraduate degrees. More women graduate form med school than men. Law degrees women have overtaken men.
Will some key colleges soon become so women dominated that men become a discriminated against minority in admissions and in other key categories. Could Title 9 actually defend men and admission of men as a minority?
Some studies indicate boys perform at a lower level when overwhelmingly outnumbered by women, and therefore have less of a potential in a female dominated classroom or at a female dominated school.
Is the increase in women graduating be lowering the pay earned with bachelors, masters, or post graduate degrees? Pay scales have gone down in fields as women move into domination into each field, as seen in any commission job area, in some key management areas and in many other fields. Area of some professions where men who work with pencils and staplers and office supplies have gone down in overall pay as women enter the job market and compete for those positions.
Is there a way to achieve gender equality without reverse gender discrimination or without lowering the water level for everyone?
This letter of recommendation is for Mr. Art Lynch. I have worked with Mr. Lynch over the past three years in the capacity of supervisor; he is a part-time faculty member for me in the Department of Communication, at The College of Southern Nevada.
Mr. Lynch has been with CSN for many years. In that time, he has taught a great number of course sections for us, primarily the Communication 101 (Oral Communication) course, but he has also taught the Communication 102 (Interpersonal Communication course, and also has experience teaching in the journalism/broadcasting field as well.
In his many years of teaching for us at CSN, Mr. Lynch has shown to be flexible in his ability to work within our schedule, and has nearly always taught a full-time schedule. He shows a desire to teach and a love of communication in all forms, as can be illustrated in his many experiences across his career; from teaching, to acting, to broadcasting, to publishing.
Beyond his employment, Mr. Lynch has shown a high level of professional development. He attends workshops through the Center for Academic & Professional Excellence (CAPE), which has included learning to use the WebCT course management system, and others. He additionally has taken it upon himself to work on a PhD in his free time (of which I’m sure he has very little; he is always busy).
In sum, Mr. Lynch has shown his interest and determination in communication studies, in acting, in broadcasting, and in his educational pursuits. Please feel free to contact me for further insights into his work with us at CSN.
------------------------------------------------------------ Angela M. Holland Professor & Lead Faculty Department of Communication College of Southern Nevada 6375 West Charleston Blvd. C269N (W2C) Las Vegas, NV 89146 firstname.lastname@example.org 702.651.5983 office 702.651.5738 fax
Method to be used in this course for all but the “impromptu” speech
“Without notes” *but some are usually allowed
A carefully prepared and rehearsed speech that is presented from a brief set of notes.
a. Presenting a speech so it sounds spontaneous, no matter how many times it has been rehearsed or presented.
Is responsive to direct audience feedback
Is responsive to changes in environment, technical changes and other unforeseen or observed on the spot events and influences
Can be adapted to situations, while still following a basic structure and making key reorganized points
Adaptable to a wide range of situations and circumstances
Should sound spontaneous
Not memorized, read, or made up on the spot (exceptions for short periods)
Prepared ahead of time
Greater structure and control than Impromptu
Greater flexibility than Manuscript
Do no appear to use notes (some possible)
Can mean “without notes”
1.Eye Contact is direct visual contact with the eyes of another person
a.Direct- looking into the eyes of intervals in the audience
c.Distributed- cover the overall area of the audience, if not every individual
d.Sustained- at least a half second (2 or 3 suggested) at a time
e.80% or more of the time
f.Appropriate and contextual
3.Strong non-verbal communication
4.“The Windows of the Soul” principle
a.Audiences look into a speaker’s eyes for clues about the speaker’s truthfulness, intelligence, confidence, feelings and ethos
b.Attitude is often communicated by the eyes
c.Differing cultures look for differing clues, so a knowledge of the culture of those being addressed is important for proper interpretation and protocol
5.Rules vary by culture, protocol, situation
6.Not just looking at audience, but how you look at them
7.Eye Contacts helps
a.Capture and maintain an audience’s attention
b.Establish speaker credibility / ethos
c.Allows speakers to see and respond to feedback
Be prepared for Q&A in every speech
Listen in lecture
For classroom, avoid being overly formal
Contextual in nature
i.Can cause major problems based on your profile
ii.Should sound honest, sincere and open
iii.Major test of your ethos
iv.Relax, tension can be seen by audience and taken as insecurity
Remain in control, as the speaker, do not give up control of conversation or situation
Prepare answers to anticipated or possible questions
Write down possible questions and answers
Practice delivering the answers
“To the best o my understanding”, “I am not sure of the answer’, ‘From what I have learned” or simply ‘I will look into that and let you know” are acceptable
The more you do no know upon questions, the lower your ethos, so do not be shy about answers, just honest.
Managing the Q&A is an important skill
i.Do not invite questions during a speech, it will throw you off
ii.Do not invite questions unless the event requires it
iii.Keep a positive attitude
iv.You can use Q&A to clarify questions and reengage the audience
v.If hostility occurs, respond open and honestly but never confront, be defensive or argumentative
vi.Realize others have their views and ask that they respect yours
vii.Do not get into an argument or fight, simply acknowledge a difference of opinion or feelings.
Listening skills are essential for good Q&A, by speaker as well as the audience
Answers should be directed to the entire audience and no just the questioner.
Questions should be answered honestly, openly, straightforwardly and in as short a manner as possible (without being abrupt)
Keep it on track
i.Best to have one question and one follow-up from any single questioner
ii.Best to keep track or question times, and answer times
iii.Do not get argumentative and avoid being drawn into an argument
iv.When time is running out announce only one or two more questions and then stick to that decision.
Truth and Ethics
i.The study of human moral conduct
ii.Right and wrong in human interaction
Absolute Truth- Platonic Truth
Complete and unqualified, truth is objective and without exception. Not open to discussion or interpretation. Black and white. Clear and final.
Sophists- Philosophers based loosely on Socrates but who took it to negative lengths by tailoring truth to the audience, patrons, public, paying customers, Many politicians may be Sophists…
Relative Truth- Truth is subjective, open to interpretation
Aristotelian Truth- Relative Truth, varies by situation and environment, comparative, qualified, open to discussion, not the same for everyone.
Dogmatism- Rigidity of Belief. Immovable. Not open to discussion. Religious beliefs are a good and strong example, however Dogmatism is not limited to religion…
Narrative Paradigm- Walter Fisher theory for evaluating stories.
i.Narrative Coherence- do stories make sense, do characters act consistently
ii.Narrative Fidelity- do stories “ring true”, hit a responsive cord, do we identify
Bias – the tendency to feel one way or another about anything. Bias changes. May be positive or negative, or neutral in nature. Is a natural state of being and impossible to avoid, but it can be minimized.
1.a subset of prejudice
2.a strong culturally entrenched bias,
3.very difficult to change
4.may be positive or negative
1.communication shorthand that utilizes bias, often reinforced by
Media, community, others
VI.Ethnocentrism- the belief that your cultures, beliefs, ways of doing things are somehow superior to everyone else’s. Does not mean theirs are wrong or have no value, only that yours are better, superior and should supercede all others, Example: US version of Democracy, tolerance in religious beliefs, consumer based society, we are better. We have the best. We are the best. Our way is the right way.
VII.Academic Sources –
A.Scholarly (another way of putting it)
C. University Press
D. Academic Journals
E. New York Times, Wall Street Journal
F. Primary – an expert in field or someone who has expertise and experience
G. Or material written historically recording events, feelings or trends
H. Or raw statistics gathered in an acceptable academic methodical manner
VIII.Demographics- anything you can put a number to. Identifies tendencies, trends,
attitudes, make-up of a group, individual, audience, market or society.
A. Age- chronological actual age
B. Gender- Male and female tendencies or psychological (Sex is physiological)
Psychographics- anything else you can put a number to. Group affiliation, income, household income, education level, people in household, visits to fast food, own a car, own a computer, ethnic affiliation, racial identification, church attended and how often, religious affiliation, and so on…Psychographics are usually self identified, meaning they represent what the individuals feels or who they think they are, and therefore reflect their mind more than economic or physical reality. It is the mind that has the strongest impact on who we are and how we think.