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Lynch Coaching


Tuesday, November 27, 2012

Academic Source Credibility

Academic Sources, Internet
Capella University
Professor Bernard Klein

Here are some additional writing and citing tips. Are Internet references appropriate for academic writing? They can be. For example, an online refereed journal whose editor is an established authority in his or her field is as valid as the same material would be in print. Government sites with statistical information are generally fine. These are some examples of acceptable types of sources. However, if you wouldn't attach credibility to some material in print, don't accept it from a web page. If the authorship is unclear, if the writing is of poor quality, if there is no way to judge the qualifications of the author, then ask yourself if you want to use the material. If the site looks like it was put together by a crackpot, it probably was. What's the difference between primary and secondary sources? A primary source is one from which you are citing the author's words directly. A secondary source is one in which someone else is citing the author, and you are telling what the someone else is saying. Primary sources make better citations than secondary sources do. That's because with secondary sources you're relying on someone else to tell you what was said, and it may or may not be accurate. What sorts of resources are appropriate for scholarly writing? Generally, resources that are written by academics and appear in books or refereed journals (that is, those journals with editorial boards that review submissions for scholarly rigor) are what you want to shoot for. Woman’s Day and Farm Journal do not generally meet this standard. Commercial web sites generally don’t either. Web sites put up by someone’s kid brother are usually below par.

For Academic Source Requirements for COM 101 to to:

Spririt Award Nominations Named

"Silver Linings Playbook"
Bradley Cooper, writer-director David O. Russell and Jennifer Lawrence earned Spirit Award nominations for "Silver Linings Playbook." (Weinstein Co.)

Two offbeat comedies dominated the 28th annual Film Independent Spirit Award nominations Tuesday morning.
David O. Russell's quirky "Silver Linings Playbook," starringBradley Cooper and Jennifer Lawrence, and Wes Anderson's charming coming-of-age comedy "Moonrise Kingdom," each earned five Spirit Award nominations, including best feature, director and screenplay.
It was the second nod of support this week for "Moonrise Kingdom," which was named best film Monday evening at the Gotham Independent Film Awards in New York.
Rounding out the best feature nominees are "Keep the Lights On," "Beasts of the Southern Wild" and "Bernie."
Joining Russell and Anderson in the director category are Julia Lotev for "The Loneliest Planet," Ira Sachs for "Keep the Lights On" and Benh Zeitlin for "Beasts of the Southern Wild."
"Keep the Lights On," which has played the festival circuit, "Beasts of the Southern Wild" and "Middle of Nowhere" garnered four nominations each.
In the female lead category, nominations went to Linda Cardellini, who launched her own awards campaign for "Return," Emayatzy Corinealdi for "Middle of Nowhere," Lawrence for "Silver Linings Playbook," Quvenzhané Wallis for "Beasts" and Mary Elizabeth Winstead for "Smashed."
Vying for best male lead are Jack Black for "Bernie," Cooper for "Silver Linings Playbook," John Hawkes for "The Sessions," Thure Lindhardt for "Keep the Lights On,"Matthew McConaughey for "Killer Joe" and Wendell Piercefor "Four."
McConaughey also earned a supporting male nod for "Magic Mike." Rounding out the supporting male category are David Oyelowo for "Middle of Nowhere," Michael Peña for "End of Watch," Sam Rockwell for "Seven Psychopaths" and Bruce Wilis for "Moonrise Kingdom."
Supporting female nominations went to Rosemarie Dewitt for"Your Sister's Sister," Ann Dowd for "Compliance," Helen Hunt for "The Sessions," Brit Marling for "Sound of My Voice" and Lorraine Toussaint for "Middle of Nowhere."
The Robert Altman Award, which is given to one film's director, casting director and its ensemble cast,  went to Sean Baker's "Starlet."
The Spirit Awards will be handed out Feb. 23 at a daytime ceremony in a tent on the beach in Santa Monica.
Here's the complete list from the press release:
"Beasts of the Southern Wild"
"Keep the Lights On"
"Moonrise Kingdom"
"Silver Linings Playbook"
Wes Anderson, "Moonrise Kingdom"
Julia Loktev, "The Loneliest Planet"
David O. Russell, "Silver Linings Playbook"
Ira Sachs, "Keep the Lights On"
Benh Zeitlin, "Beasts of the Southern Wild"
Wes Anderson & Roman Coppola, "Moonrise Kingdom"
Martin McDonagh, "Seven Psychopaths"
David O. Russell, "Silver Linings Playbook"
Ira Sachs, "Keep the Lights On"
"Fill the Void"
"Gimme the Loot"
"Sound of My Voice"
Rama Burshtein, "Fill the Void"
Derek Connolly, "Safety Not Guaranteed"
Christopher Ford, "Robot & Frank"
Jonathan Lisecki, "Gayby"
"Breakfast With Curtis," WRITER/DIRECTOR/PRODUCER: Laura Colella
"Middle of Nowhere," WRITER/DIRECTOR/PRODUCER: Ava DuVernay, PRODUCERS: Howard Barish, Paul Garnes
"Mosquita y Mari," WRITER/DIRECTOR: Aurora Guerrero, PRODUCER: Chad Burris
"Starlet," WRITER/DIRECTOR: Sean Baker, PRODUCERS: Blake Ashman-Kipervaser, Kevin Chinoy, Patrick Cunningham, Chris Maybach, Francesca Silvestri
"The Color Wheel," WRITER/DIRECTOR/PRODUCER: Alex Ross Perry, WRITER: Carlen Altman
Linda Cardellini, "Return"
Emayatzy Corinealdi, "Middle of Nowhere"
Jennifer Lawrence, "Silver Linings Playbook"
Quvenzhané Wallis, "Beasts of the Southern Wild"
Mary Elizabeth Winstead, "Smashed"
Jack Black, "Bernie"
Bradley Cooper, "Silver Linings Playbook"
John Hawkes, "The Sessions"
Thure Lindhardt, "Keep the Lights On"
Matthew McConaughey, "Killer Joe"
Rosemarie DeWitt, "Your Sister’s Sister"
Ann Dowd, "Compliance"
Helen Hunt, "The Sessions"
Brit Marling, "Sound of My Voice"
Lorraine Toussaint, "Middle of Nowhere"
Yoni Brook, "Valley of Saints"
Lol Crawley, "Here"
Ben Richardson, "Beasts of the Southern Wild"
Roman Vasyanov, "End of Watch"
Robert Yeoman, "Moonrise Kingdom"
DIRECTOR: David France
PRODUCERS: David France, Howard Gertler
Marina Abramoviæ: "The Artist Is Present"
DIRECTOR: Matthew Akers
PRODUCERS: Maro Chermayeff, Jeff Dupre
The Central Park Five
DIRECTORS/PRODUCERS: Ken Burns, Sarah Burns, David McMahon
DIRECTOR: Kirby Dick
PRODUCERS: Tanner King Barklow, Amy Ziering
"The Waiting Room"
PRODUCERS: Linda Davis, William B. Hirsch
"War Witch"
The 16th annual Piaget Producers Award honors emerging producers who, despite highly limited resources,  demonstrate the creativity, tenacity and vision required to produce quality, independent films. The award includes a $25,000 unrestricted grant funded by Piaget.
"Nobody Walks" PRODUCER: Alicia Van Couvering
"Prince Avalanche," PRODUCER: Derrick Tseng
"Stones in the Sun," PRODUCER: Mynette Louie
The 19th annual Someone to Watch Award recognizes a talented filmmaker of singular vision who has not yet received appropriate recognition. The award includes a $25,000 unrestricted grant.
"Pincus," DIRECTOR: David Fenster
"Gimme the Loot," DIRECTOR: Adam Leon
"Electrick Children," DIRECTOR: Rebecca Thomas
The 18th annual Truer Than Fiction Award is presented to an emerging director of non-fiction features who has not yet received significant recognition. The award includes a $25,000 unrestricted grant.
"Leviathan", DIRECTOR: Lucien Castaing-Taylor and Véréna Paravel
"The Waiting Room," DIRECTOR: Peter Nicks
"Only the Young," DIRECTOR: Jason Tippet & Elizabeth Mims

Before it was history, it was news: The Revolutionary War

Old Newspapers, New Perspectives On The American Revolution

Reporting the Revolutionary War
Reporting The Revolutionary War
Before It Was History, It Was News
Hardcover, 384 pages purchase
Time has a way of condensing major historical events into a few key moments, with one-dimensional, legendary figures at the forefront. In his new book, author and archivist Todd Andrlik gives life and depth to one such event — the American Revolution. He uses newspaper reporting from that era to provide a sense of the Revolution as it actually unfolded.

The book includes eyewitness accounts, newspapers and battlefield letters — the kind of primary sourcing that's increasingly rare in our Wikipedia world. It's called Reporting the Revolutionary War: Before It Was History, It Was News. "It's not just newspaper clippings, it's the entire newspapers," Andrlik tells NPR's Rachel Martin. "These newspapers are not like we think of today, they're quite different in that they're only four pages in length, and only about 10 by 15 inches tall."

Andrlik says he went on a quest for 18th century newspapers that might contain accounts of the Revolution, sourcing them from people who'd found them in attics or in the walls of old homes. "They're available on the open market much like fine art or any other type of historical collectible.

"It's completely different," he continues — not just in size but in content. "There's no headlines. Back then, they used datelines because they were mostly printing news from other newspapers. So today we have AP and Reuters; back then they had a news exchange system where as soon as a printer finished typesetting his edition of the week, he would then send issues to other printers around Colonial America, and those newspaper printers would take extracts, often verbatim."

Andrlik keeps his antique newspapers carefully in acid-free Mylar folders, but he does take them out for display occasionally. A New Hampshire Gazette from April 21, 1775, has breaking news: the battles of Lexington and Concord. "This is only one of two Colonial American newspapers to print the news on its front page," he says. Newspapers from that era typically reserved their interior pages for important news "because that's what was typeset later in the week so it could be most current."

Photo Courtesy of Sourcebooks
The Virginia Gazette of Aug. 26, 1775, is another notable newspaper, featuring an eyewitness account of the Battle of Bunker Hill. "And alongside that account is an engraving, or an illustration I should say, of the entrenchment on Breed's Hill [where most of the battle was actually fought]," Andrlik says. "This is one of a kind ... in the sense that this is the only known newspaper illustration to depict a current event during the entire American Revolution."

There's a lot more in those old newspapers than in your high school and college textbooks, he adds. "The Boston Tea Party, it was not universally celebrated in America. The 'Shot Heard Round the World,' well, it came very close to happening four months earlier, in New Hampshire. Benedict Arnold, he actually revitalized the American Revolution. The fact that Paul Revere was one of thousands of people caught up in the Battles of Lexington and Concord, and that he really wasn't mentioned in the newspapers of the period because they didn't want to let out how they had alerted the countryside."

Andrlik has some tips for readers looking for historical treasures in old newspapers. "It's an exciting kind of real-time adventure, but at the same time, you have things that you're not used to seeing, such as the old English 'S,' which looks like an 'F.' " The old papers pre-date standardized English, so there are frequent run-on sentences. "I think I counted once in a paragraph there were 40 commas and 22 capital letters," he says.

If he had to pick one favorite document from the time, Andrlik says he'd choose the Continental Journal from Jan. 23, 1777, which has George Washington's personal account of the crossing of the Delaware and the Battle of Trenton. "Each newspaper has exciting material and new discoveries. ... These newspapers are to me, the way to make the American Revolution real. Without newspapers, there would have been no Revolution."

Bear with

I spent most of a decade working on my PhD in Education, while putting together part time jobs to must barely make bills, and giving freely to the members of the Screen Actors Guild in professional quality unpaid national board service.

My PhD defense is Thursday. Much to review and much preparation for a grueling oral exam.

Now news that the last member of my parents generation, a women who was like a second mother to me, my Aunt Ann, passed way Wednesday morning at 1:30 AM, one month short of her 92nd birthday.

I will have to focus on a few things over the next several weeks, so quanity, quality or currency of content on this blog may shift day to day.

Teaching for a short time six sections of three different courses at three different colleges; coaching actors at Casting Call and privately; putting in my time on Sundays at Nevada Public Radio (KNPR 88.9 FM), making decisions about my mom and aunt's estate; trying to figure out how to afford a holiday overpriced trip to go through things at the house and attend the service, including car rental and supplies as needed.

A lot on my plate, plus the holidays.

I will do my best to keep this blog interesting and up to date, but be aware there may be come temporary changes to meet the demands life dishes out.