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Wednesday, August 8, 2012

10 Great Heroes in the History of Communication

by Staff Writers, http://www.onlinecollegecourses.com

We all know a hero when we see one. He's the guy charging into a burning building to save a baby or punching out a mugger and holding him down until the police arrive. But it's also possible to be a hero with your life's work, giving something to the world that saves lives or changes them for the better. And while we all know the biggest names in communication, we've lined up few names of people who don't get as much credit who we think deserve a little more.
  1. Samuel Morse:


    Although he did not invent the telegraph and some naysayers have tried to deny him credit for the alphabet that bears his name, Samuel Morse forever changed the history of communication in America. Before, there was only a hit-or-miss postal system that could take weeks to deliver a single letter. But with his newly improved device and accompanying system of dots and dashes, distance was effectively banished as a communication barrier. The telegraph helped Lincoln win the war, brought rescuers to the aid of the Titanic, and delivered countless other lifesaving messages. And in true hero style, Morse made large donations to charities, artists, and colleges after he made his fortune.
  2. Tim Berners-Lee:


    The Internet had many parents, from J.C.R. Licklider and the people at ARPANET to Doug Engelbart at Stanford Research Institute. But the World Wide Web had one father: Tim Berners-Lee. His 1990 proposal called for "a way to link and access information of various kinds as a web of nodes in which the user can browse at will." In the 20+ years since, the "web of nodes" has been used to connect people all over the world, to facilitate new ideas, to topple dictators and usher in new democracies, and to effectively move humankind a step forward in evolution.
  3. Nikola Tesla:


    When you think of a hero, you think of a person fighting to make the world a better place, usually against overwhelming forces. Inventor Nikola Tesla's dream was to give the world free energy, transmitted using the earth as a conductor. In the process of chasing this dream, he invented the alternating current motor, remote control, the electric motor, laser, and a little device known as the radio. One G. Marconi employed 17 of Tesla's patents to get his own patent for the radio, which the Supreme Court overturned shortly after Tesla's death. As for wireless energy, Tesla's financier J.P. Morgan understandably saw no profit in free energy and strangled Tesla's funding stream, killing the project. But today we salute you, Mr. Tesla: genius, visionary, hero.
  4. Jimmy Wales:


    A hero to students and web researchers everywhere, Jimmy Wales is the co-founder and face of "The Free Encyclopedia," Wikipedia. Never before had the democratizing aspect of the web been combined with knowledge sharing so effectively. Though the ability to edit entries led to a few pranks in its early days, independent third parties have since verified that Wikipedia is about as accurate as the venerable Encyclopedia Britannica. Wales believes the site, together with continued increases in broadband availability, will lead to the toppling of tyrants and revolutions organized in perpetually troubled countries. Far be it for us to doubt a legend.
  5. Charles Michel de L'Epee:


    If you want to get technical, using the hands to make signs to communicate was probably done by cavemen and has been done up to this very minute by people waving goodbye and telling waiters they're ready for the check. But it was an abbot named Charles Michel de L'Epee who, after meeting two young deaf girls, pioneered sign language as we know it. In 1771, he opened Paris' first free public school for the deaf, teaching a standard sign language he developed from studying his students' motions. This became French Sign Language, which formed the basis of American Sign Language and gave a voice to millions of deaf people.
  6. John Robinson:


    Google this name and you'll find an actor, a Pilgrim pastor, and a serial killer. You'll have to hunt to find John Robinson, Scottish physicist and inventor of the siren. In 1799, Robinson created a valve that attached to an organ and interrupted flows of air at regular intervals. Surprisingly, the sound created was described as "equal in sweetness to a clear female voice." It was 20 years later that the invention was modified and dubbed a siren, but this attention-grabbing communication device has helped saved countless lives, all thanks to the one and only John Robinson.
  7. Arthur C. Clarke:


    Clarke is commonly remembered as a titan of written communication, penning many popular novels and short stories, including 2001: A Space Odyssey. At one point he even created a treaty with Isaac Asimov to declare himself the best science fiction writer and Asimov the best science writer. But it's a little-known fact that because of a 1945 article in the magazine Wireless World, Clarke is considered the father of satellite communications. He postulated the concept without which we would not have "sat" phones, satellite TV or radio, OnStar, GPS, DARPA, and more.
  8. William Tyndale:


    Phrases like "the powers that be" and "gave up the ghost" were coined by William Tyndale in his translation of the Bible into English in the 1520s. At the time, England's King Henry VIII had outlawed English translations, seeing them as a Protestant attack on the Roman Catholic Church and its clergy, who before had held a monopoly on reading the Bible as it was only available in Latin, Hebrew, or Greek. Tyndale vowed to make the good book available to the common man, and he succeeded, using the advent of the printing press to distribute 18,000 copies. For these efforts he was strangled to death and burned at the stake. Personal beliefs aside, we say he died a hero's death.
  9. President Lyndon B. Johnson:


    LBJ was no inventor or writer; in fact, his contribution to communication was one he would rather have not made at all. He was the commander in chief who signed into law the Freedom of Information Act on July 4, 1966. The Act gives the American people an important avenue for requesting some secret government information be made public. Though he signed off on the bill, President Johnson was obviously annoyed with the legislation. He held no ceremony to announce the Act's signing, and he scratched certain sentences from his signing statement like: "Government officials should not be able to pull curtains of secrecy around decisions which can be revealed without injury to the public interest." That's OK, LBJ; we'll give you the credit anyway.
  10. Garrett Morgan:


    Here's a guy who has almost certainly never been mentioned in the same list as Samuel Morse. But communication comes in all different sizes, shapes, and yes, colors. We remember Garrett Morgan as the man behind the gas mask, but also the creator of today's traffic light. As the first African American to own an automobile in Cleveland, Morgan witnessed a terrible car crash due to two-light traffic signals: stop and go. His three-light signal incorporated the warning yellow light to caution drivers that a stop light was imminent, thus saving our lives hundreds of times and probably yours, too.

    by Staff Writers, http://www.onlinecollegecourses.com


The state of the election

Lastest national poll:

Obama        49%
Romney      42%
Undecided    7%

If this is true billions of dollars (hundreds of millions at this point) are being spent to influence fewer than one in ten Americans. Romney has the advantage by spending more than Obama, and with PAC's considered spending three times as much as Obama.

Political, sociological, psychological and social anthropological beliefs and tendencies of the two parties have never been more divided and polarized. Will big business and wealth "save" America or will it take a central government coupled with grass roots efforts, as was done to pull us out of the Great Depression? Which is ethical, moral and the right thing to do? Should we increase or cut taxes? Will cutting taxes stimulate the economy this time despite failure to do so in previous recessions? Is government too large and costly to allow for a recovery from the recession? Should the government e in everyone's lives? Who will fund education? Roads? Health care? Programs for the poor? Disability programs? Support for vets along after they return home? Retaining our military dominance in the world?

Views differ by party and, again, are diametrically opposed as at no other time in post 19th century America.

News media bias depends on who you are voting for.

The reality is that both positive and negative coverage of a challenger (Romney) from the party out of office will easily double that of the incumbent, as you enter into and for a short time after that party's national convention. There is a statistical advantage for an incumbent, however both Jimmy Carter (D) and George Bush Sr. (R) lost their re-election bids in modern times. Iran and the economy figured in both defeats. Today we have the same two factors, only multiplied, in effect.

Remember also that a national poll is not how presidential elections are determined. It's about the Electoral College and how states vote. At this time projections have Romney with an advantage, however there remain enough battleground states, including Nevada, to swing the election either way. The possibility of one man winning the popular vote and another winning the election is very real.

Historically white older voters go to the polls. If that holds true Romney will be the next President of the United States. Younger voters, minorities and lower and working class historically vote Democrat, so if they come out in large numbers, Obama remains president.

Of course these are generalities, and each person is an individual.

While most often Romney is seen surrounded by white suburbanites in their 40's and older. To counter this the Republican Convention will include speakers who are African American, Native American, Hispanic and Arabic to show a "large tent" for the party identified with affluence. Among the speakers are former Secretary or State Condolisa Rice, whose name is in the hat for Vice President but who says she wants to remain a college professor for now. Ron Paul supports are still vowing to make the convention interesting by exercising their rights to vote for Paul on the first ballot despite their states being pledged to Romney. There is an attempt to censor and keep this from happening. Also several states will have fewer voices and votes because of how they played games with the dates of the primaries and caucus schedule and ignored party official requests, guidelines and rules.

On the Democrat side, popular former president Bill Clinton will take the convention speaker slot usually reserved for the Vice President and his wife will be among many women, minorities and divergent viewpoints to address the big tent Democratic party convention.

Yesterday was my birthday.




Thank you to everyone who called, e-mailed, texted or Facebooked a birthday message!

It makes the heart take flight, and the soul magic to have such friends and associated.

-Art Lynch

Which candidate is telling the truth...or is truth relative?

The Labor department reports that there are 3.7 million unfilled jobs, the highest number since the recession began. Employment is up despite the ads you may see. 

However the key question is whether you are better off than four years ago.

The answer depends on where you live and your profession.

On the average Americans, despite the rhetoric, are better off. However in several key states, including Nevada, unemployment remains high, under employment very high and home values  very much "under water."

Nationally home values are up between 5 and 12% over last year, depending on which national reporting agency you believe. The percentage "underwater" is way down. But then foreclosures have increased which literally takes away the credit, and the underwater status of many homeowners.

Chrysler has gone from bankrupt to the most profitable and highest selling car company in the world. New plants are opening in the US, primarily in lower labor cost Right to Work states, and car sales are trending up. The bail out worked.

National income levels are up to pre-recession levels, however the mean (discounting the ultra right and the extremely poor) remains lower than pre-recession level. Unemployment numbers contribute to this trend.

One key change in employment is the job market. The recession is the first one to hit all levels of employment, from migrant workers to CEO's, office to service worker, and now increasingly government employees (including teachers, police officers, fire"persons", medical, road and sewer, garbage and all other services).

The graph below shows that unemployment continues to grow in numbers long after a recession is considered to be over. This time it is speculated that many jobs have disappeared and we are being made to increase "productivity", which means do increasing amounts of work per job, while other job shave been shipped to other countries, so the recovery may never reach pre-recession numbers.


It is also the first recession to have its greatest impact on working older adults as well as young adults entering the work place. Many older adults have lost their jobs and are deemed overqualified or too old (not openly, but in the reality of hiring) to reenter the work force in other positions.

Lots of rhetoric, but has either candidate really offered specific plans and solutions to these problems and how to get the economy on track of all American workers and families?

I am interested in any research or information you may find that you can forward to me (with or as a web address please).

Art Lynch
art.lynch@comprofessor.com

(NEW blog specific e-mail ADDRESS)

Interesting site from the Federal Government that outline career outlooks (click here).

Comprofessor.com back up and running!