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Friday, July 6, 2012

Resources for speech selection, preparation and presentation

 

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Further Studies

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Turn Off Fox News

Obama, who was not bothered by the channel playing in the bar, suggests patron ask bar owner to switch off the conservative-leaning cable network.


Image by KEVIN LAMARQUE / Reuters

PARMA, Ohio — At an unscheduled stop at Ziggy’s Pub and Restaurant, an Amherst, Ohio bar, President Barack Obama suggested that the channel be changed when he was made aware that televisions were showing Fox News.

Obama and Fox News have gone to war frequently during his three and a half years in office — most recently over a sharply negative teaser shown on Fox and Friends that the White House took as a Fox News-sponsored attack ad on the president.

The Obama Administration frequently used the network as a proxy punching bag for its Republican opponents in the early years of his presidency. Fox's personalities, led by Glenn Beck, fired back with more and more incendiary comments, but a somewhat delicate balanced was reached after the 2010 election in which both sides toned down their rhetoric.

The exchange, per pooler Mark Landler:
As he thanked the group for their support, one of them, Jeff Hawks, gestured to one of the TV's and said, "You're in a building that has Fox news on."Obama suggested that Hawks ask for it to be changed. "The customer is always right," he said.
"I'll arm-wrestle you for your vote," Hawks said to Obama. "No, I'll play basketball for your vote," he replied.
'UPDATE: Landler adds, in an addendum to a new pool report, that Obama's remarks were in jest:
When President Obama told a patron at Ziggy's bar in Amherst, OH that he suggest that the TV be switched from Fox, he made the remark in a humorous exchange, as did in a subsequent exchange about arm-wrestling or playing basketball over the patron's vote.

Are American Kids Spoiled Rotten?

The latest spate of parenting books reflects what one writer calls "the nagging sense we haven't raised our children to be competent." Is it just the "generation gap" all over again or legitimate concern about the harsh realities of the current economy? 

Is Generation X growing up as they become parents? Have they changed significantly for the generation that stopped studying, put themselves first and felt they knew more than their parents? Has their respect for their own elders increased and their own sense of community?

Are we becoming a nation of "wimps?"

Are class differences growing?

Are we facing a depression, as we deal with static unemployment rate and flat job numbers? Can Americans afford to take lower paying and low skilled jobs?

Also, Libya's first free election in 42 years.

66 years of the modern bikini

The modern bikini was introduced by French engineer Louis Réard and fashion designer Jacques Heim in Paris in 1946. Réard was a car engineer but by 1946 he was running his mother's lingerie boutique near Les Folies Bergères in Paris.[20] Heim was working on a new kind of beach costume. It comprised two pieces, the bottom large enough to cover its wearer's navel. In May 1946, he advertised the bathing suit, known as the "Atome," as the world's "smallest bathing suit".[21] Réard named his swimsuit the "bikini", taking the name from the Bikini Atoll, one of a series of islands in the South Pacific where testing on the new atomic bomb was occurring that summer. Historians assume Reard termed his swimsuit the "bikini" because he believed its revealing style would create reactions among people similar to those created by America’s atomic bomb in Japan just one summer earlier.[22] Réard sliced the top off the bottoms and advertised it as "smaller than the smallest swimsuit".[23][24] Réard could not find a model to wear his design. He ended up hiring Micheline Bernardini, a nude dancer from the Casino de Paris.[25] That bikini, a string bikini with a g-string back of 30 square inches (194 cm2) of cloth with newspaper type printed across, was introduced on July 6 at Piscine Molitor, a public pool in Paris.[16][26] Heim's design was the first worn on the beach, but clothing was given its name by Réard.[5]

Sources: Wikipedia, also The World and Marketplace from Public Radio International.

2012 Big Bay Boom San Diego Firework Show

'The Hobbit' films wrap production

Stephen Hunter, James Nesbitt and William Kircher in "The Hobbit"
"The Hobbit" films have wrapped production in New Zealand. Stephen Hunter, James Nesbitt and William Kircher in "The Hobbit." (James Fisher / Warner Bros.)
Two of Hollywood's most anticipated -- and most expensive -- forthcoming movies have wrapped production in New Zealand.

Shot together, a pair of films based on J.R.R. Tolkien's classic fantasy book "The Hobbit" have completed principal photography following a 266-day shoot in New Zealand, director Peter Jackson announced on his Facebook page Friday.

"The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey," the first of the two movies, hits theaters on Dec. 14 of this year, followed by "The Hobbit: There and Back Again" on Dec. 13, 2013.

"Next stop, the cutting room," Jackson said on his Facebook post. "Oh, and Comic-Con!"

"The Hobbit" is expected to be the centerpiece of Warner Bros.' presentation at the Comic-Con International convention in San Diego on July 14, where Jackson will address fans and show footage from the first movie.

Bankrolled by Warner Bros.' New Line Cinema unit and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, the two "Hobbit" pictures together cost more than $500 million to produce. The studios consider the 3-D follow-ups to the hit "Lord of the Rings" trilogy to be as close to a sure thing as there is in Hollywood, particularly with Jackson back in charge.

Jackson's trio of "Lord of the Rings" films, which the director also shot together, grossed a whopping $2.9 billion worldwide.

ALSO:

Disney starts production of 'Maleficent' in London

'Hobbit' production to stay in New Zealand

Fellowship forms around 'The Hobbit'

CSN's Bryce Harper lead Washington Nationals to number one!

Bryce Harper
Bryce Aron Max Harper is an American professional baseball outfielder with the Washington Nationals of Major League Baseball. Harper was selected by the Nationals with the first overall pick in the 2010 Major League Baseball Draft. Wikipedia
Born: October 16, 1992 (age 18), Las Vegas
Bats: Left-handed
Bryce HarperSalary: US$ 500,000 (2012)
 
Team: Washington Nationals (#34 / Left fielder)
 
CSN's Bryce Harper is credited with helping Washington lead the eastern division of the league and giving Washington DC the opportunity for the first time since 1933 at Pennant or Series run.

Term Study Guide for Midterm

Some of the terms that appear on the CSN Midterm are listed below. There are few surprises. Click "read more" below to review the vocabulary and concepts.

Com 101 CSN Quiz # 3


Quiz # 3 Spring, 2010 Com 101 Art Lynch

True/False
Indicate whether the statement is true or false. Select the best answer.
____ 1. A white board or chalkboard is an excellent way of presenting materials during your speech.
____ 2. Oral materials should be supported with digital slides, not be dominated by them.
____ 3. Informative speakers should keep their presentation media limited and basic.
____ 4. You can easily obtain transparencies relevant to almost any topic simply by searching them out at
any university library, where thousands are on file.
____ 5. Informative speaking involves deepening understanding, raising awareness, or increasing an
audience's knowledge about a topic.
____ 6. All informative speeches should be organized using the topical pattern of organization.
Multiple Choice
Questions by the authors of the text or from repeated lecture and should use the textbook and lecturs as a
basis for determining the best possible answer. Identify the choice that best completes the statement or
answers the question as would be interpirted by the authors of the text book. There may be more than one
correct answer, so you must select the one that is the one inferred in the text and lecture. Reread other
questions if needed to assist in your thought process.
____ 7. It is usually best to distribute handouts when?
a. before your speech
b. during your speech
c. after your speech
d. None of these answers are correct.
____ 8. When used in an informative speech, the ____ pattern of organization helps the speaker explain
how someone or something has developed over time.
a. chronological
b. cause-and-effect
c. narrative
d. spatial
____ 9. Arriving at the speech site early and checking on the technical equipment for your speech helps
you
a. avoid technical problems.
b. increase your confidence that things will go
smoothly.
c. manage your nervousness.
d. All of these answers are correct.
____ 10. When using digital slides as your presentation media, you should
a. use lots of special effects to hold your
audience's attention.
b. avoid special effects, audiences find them
distracting.
c. always use bright colors, preferably red and
green.
d. None of these answers are correct.
____ 11. To create a sense of personal meaning for a speech to inform the speaker might
a. present a lot of facts.
b. include primarily technical information.
c. tell a story related to the topic.
d. self-disclose highly personal information.
____ 12. If an informative speaker wants to highlight locations or areas in a particular place, then the ____
pattern of organization would be the most effective.
a. chronological
b. cause-and-effect
c. narrative
d. spatial
____ 13. You can us RWA to demonstrate how to do something special on the web, such as displaying
articles found on websites that support your topic. RWA stands for ____?
a. real-world access
b. round the world access
c. real time web access
d. reality web access
____ 14. ____ involves monitoring news sources to analyze and assess the information produced by those
sources.
a. Gatewatching
b. Gatekeeping
c. Information selecting
d. Cyber critiquing
____ 15. The ____ pattern of organization is the best one to use for a speech in which the speaker seeks to
demonstrate how to do something.
a. chronological
b. cause-and-effect
c. narrative
d. spatial
____ 16. "The History of Mardi Gras in New Orleans" is an example of an informative speech about
a. objects and places.
b. people and other living creatures.
c. processes.
d. events.
____ 17. One advantage of digital slides and RWA is that
a. they are electronic.
b. you need very little preparation to use them in
your speech.
c. you do not need to face your audience while
using them.
d. you will know what is on the big screen by
observing what is on your computer. screen.
____ 18. Presentation media should do which of the following?
a. help your audience remember you main ideas
b. stimulate an emotional reaction
c. clarify a key point
d. All of these answers are correct.
____ 19. An excellent medium for documenting good ideas during a brainstorming session is ____.
a. a document camera
b. overhead transparencies
c. a flip chart
d. a model
____ 20. Which statement best describes the use of presentation media?
a. Use as much media as you can fit into your
speech.
b. Keep presentation media simple and brief.
c. Use presentation media only as a last resort.
d. It takes a lot of training to use presentation
media.
Quiz # 3 Spring, 2010 Com 101 Art Lynch

Union

Disclaimer. I serve on the National Board of the newest and largest union in the AFL-CIO, the merged SAG-AFTRA. I have been on the SAG National Board of Directors for over 17 years.

The State of the Labor Union..on Bill Moyers Reports

One of the questions this week's show asks: Are labor unions still relevant? Don't wait for the answer -- share your own thoughts and opinions here and on this BillMoyers.com page.
billmoyers.com
Share your own opinions about the importance of organized labor in America.
 

Is Labor A Lost Cause?

Bill opens this week’s show by explaining how last week’s Supreme Court decision not to reconsider Citizens United exposes the hoax that Citizens United was ever about “free” speech. In reality, Bill says in a broadcast essay, it’s about carpet bombing elections “with all the tonnage your rich paymasters want to buy.”

Also lost in the Supreme media chatter last week: a disturbing ruling in Knox vs. SEIU Local 1000 that restricts labor unions from directing collected dues toward political causes. There’s no similar limit on corporations, naturally – yet another indication that the power and status of modern unions is waning, especially when compared to the unbridled influence of Corporate America. With a sharp decline in union membership, a legion of new enemies, and a series of legal and legislative setbacks, can unions rebound and once again act strongly in the interest of ordinary workers?

On this week’s Moyers & Company, Bill talks to two people who can best answer the question: Stephen Lerner and Bill Fletcher, Jr. The architect of the SEIU’s Justice for Janitors movement, Lerner directed SEIU’s private equity project, which worked to expose a Wall Street feeding frenzy that left the working class in a state of catastrophe. Fletcher took his Harvard degree to the Massachusetts shipyards, and worked as a welder before becoming a labor activist. He served as Assistant to the President of the AFL-CIO, and is author of the upcoming book “They’re Bankrupting Us!”: And 20 Other Myths about Unions.

Later in the show, Bill talks with and invites readings by poet Philip Appleman, whose creativity spans a long life filled with verse, fiction, philosophy, religion… and Darwinism. Appleman’s latest collection is Perfidious Proverbs.
 

Analysis of Five Supreme Court Decisions

What Matters Today
Members of the Supreme Court gather for a group portrait at the Supreme Court in Washington.
Members of the Supreme Court gather for a group portrait at the Supreme Court in Washington before the start of the 2010 session.
 
Not since Bush v. Gore was a Supreme Court decision so augured, anticipated and analyzed. With a bang, the Supreme Court closed out their term last week with the surprising decision authored by Chief Justice John Roberts to uphold the Affordable Care Act. Attention is still focused on that decision, and you can read a roundup of analysis on this blog and at the SCOTUSBlog. But the Supreme Court delivered 64 other opinions this term — fewer than they have decided in any of the past 20 years — and we’ve gathered links to varied analyses of five other key decisions below.

American Tradition Partnership v. Bullock
Decision: 5-4, Not Argued
Summary: “The Court was split 5-4 in striking down — without full briefing or oral argument — a 100-year-old Montana state law that banned corporations in that state from spending any of their corporate cash to support or oppose a candidate or a political party.” SCOTUSBlog
 
Analysis:
• “And there we have a portrait of today’s Supreme Court: Breyer is saying that he does not trust the majority enough to even listen, and would rather that it not hear the case at all; since he was joined by Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Sonia Sotomayor, and Elena Kagan, that means the four of them didn’t believe that a single of the other five Justices had been at all chastened by the consequences of Citizens United.” Amy Davidson, The New Yorker
• “It’s a reminder that Roberts and his conservative colleagues have not shied away from empowering malignant, moneyed interests who undermine our democracy. Thursday’s decision notwithstanding, this is still a court of, by and for the 1 percent.” Katrina vanden Heuvel, The Washington Post
• “Bush v. Gore is indefensible. Citizens United is not. In fact, it was correctly decided, however deplorable the consequences. Liberals ought to show the chief justice that we too can acknowledge a principle even when we don’t agree with the result.” Michael Kinsley, Bloomberg View
 
Arizona v. United States
Decision: 5-3
Summary: “The Supreme Court on Monday struck down several key parts of Arizona’s tough law on illegal immigrants, but it left standing a controversial provision requiring police to check the immigration status of people they detain and suspect to be in the country illegally.” The Washington Post
 
Analysis:
• “The Supreme Court’s decision on Arizona’s attempt to legislate immigration is likely to have far-reaching effects on other states’ efforts to enact similar legislation and underscores the need for federal action, experts said…” Tom Watkins, CNN
• “The provision that’s left standing — and that can be still be challenged in the future — simply allows police officers to inquire about the status of someone. If they contact the federal government and the government says, we’re not interested or the line is busy, there’s nothing they can do. It’s a law without any teeth.” Steven Gonzalez, PBS Newshour
• “The simple political reality on immigration for Romney goes like this: the Republican base is vehemently opposed to illegal immigration or a path to citizenship in any way shape or form but to adopt that policy would be to essentially write off the growing Hispanic community for years to come.” Chris Cizilla, The Washington Post
• “The imperial presidency, much criticized by Democrats during the Bush administration and by Republicans during the current administration for its dominance over security and war policy, now prevails in the immigration arena as well.” Eric Posner, Slate

Jackson v. Hobbs and Miller v. Alabama
Decision: 5-4
Summary: “The Eighth Amendment prohibits a sentencing scheme that requires life in prison without the possibility of parole for juvenile homicide offenders.” SCOTUSBlog

Analysis:
• “The United States is one of the few countries that have not signed the United Nations’ Convention on the Rights of the Child, which bans life sentences without parole and execution for those under age 18, said Connie de la Vega, a law professor at the University of San Francisco School of Law.” Adam Liptak and Ethan Bronner, The New York Times
• “The Court’s decision now gives judges the discretion to consider a child’s past in deciding his/her future.… While past history of trauma does not excuse taking someone’s life, such a violent and troubled past should be considered by a judge when imposing a sentence on a child like Miller.” Joanne Page, Salon
• “Now that the Evan Miller case has cast a spotlight on the fundamental differences between the maturity and judgment of adults and adolescents, it is time to examine why the United States tries so many juveniles as adults. ” Matthew M. House, The Detroit News
 
Knox v. SEIU
Decision: 7-2, Reversed and Remanded
Summary: “Thursday’s decision in Knox v. Service Employees International Union (SEIU) dealt a blow against public sector labor unions and in favor of employees who are represented by a union but are not members.” SCOTUSBlog

Analysis:
• “[T]here’s a good argument to be made that, by further skewing the Democratic process that was so badly warped by the 2010 Citizens United ruling, the court has done even greater damage to the long-term prospects for renewing the republic.” John Nichols, The Nation
• “Yesterday’s U.S. Supreme Court ruling in Knox v. SEIU, prohibiting public-sector unions from charging non-members for political activities, led a Harvard Law School professor to muse on NPR this morning about whether the same rule should apply to corporations.” Daniel Fisher, Forbes
• “However, in the wake of the Supreme Court’s Citizens United decision in January 2010, which was predicated in part on the tenuous claim that labor unions would counter the political influence of corporations, the Knox case has the potential to further rig the playing field in favor of big business and the right wing.” Bill Blum, TruthDig
• “AFL-CIO President Richard Trumka is pulling no punches when it comes to the US Supreme Court’s recent pattern of decisions regarding the way in which corporations can engage in politics versus the way in which unions can engage.” John Nichols, The Nation
 
United States v. Alvarez
Decision: 6-3
Summary: “A divided Supreme Court on Thursday overturned [the Supreme Valor Act] that made it a crime to lie about having earned a military decoration, saying that the act was an unconstitutional infringement on free speech.” The New York Times

Analysis:
• “The plurality explained first that the Stolen Valor Act posed a significant – and perhaps unique – threat to protected speech.” Tejinder Singh, SCOTUSBlog
• “The plurality opinion (written by Justice Anthony Kennedy) agrees [with Alvarez], declaring that the category of exceptions to the First Amendment’s general protection of speech does not include false statements.” Stanley Fish, The New York Times’ Opinionator blog
• “Breyer didn’t mention Stephen Colbert. But he did invoke the famous assertion of John Stuart (Mill) that falsehoods in debate promote the truth through their ‘collision with error.’ This might be closer to the right answer. Rooting out those who lie about military commendations should make us consider publicly the extraordinary debt we owe to those who risk or give their lives and merit the real thing.” Noah Feldman, Bloomberg View

End of Term Summaries and Observations
• “Final October Term 2011 Stat Pack and Summary Memo,” SCOTUSBlog
• “After Supreme Court term, line between ‘liberal’ and ‘conservative’ is blurrier,” Robert Barnes, The Washington Post
• “Was John Roberts Being Political?” Barry Friedman and Dahla Lithwick, Slate

Game of Thornes Star of Stature

Photo: Peter Dinklage, star of Game of Thrones stopped by NPR's New York Bureau for a conversation with 'All Things Considered' host Audie Cornish about his reservations in accepting the role of character Tyrion Lannister. Take a listen: http://n.pr/KOi5HG 
Photo by Lam Thuy Vo/NPR)Peter Dinklage, star of Game of Thrones stopped by NPR's New York Bureau for a conversation with 'All Things Considered' host Audie Cornish about his reservations in accepting the role of character Tyrion Lannister, typecasting, breaking type and the profession of accting. Take a listen: http://n.pr/KOi5HG
Photo by Lam Thuy Vo/NPR)