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Monday, September 17, 2012

Ethics in Critical Thought and Public Speaking


Ethic include use of presentation aids

Truthful and non-harmful (declaimer or do not use if harmful).
Alert audience if any images have been altered
Does the image represent an underlying truth?
Is there a valid reason for its use?
Has the image been manipulated, and if so by whom, why and does it remain truthful?
Context. Does it hold up in context? Has it been taken out of context?
Be healthily skeptical about images and other presentation aids
(Commissar’s image, Internet contextual miss-representation, sequential manipulation, others)
Should not take the place of other evidence or support for claims.
Remember that images carry ethical responsibility and can harm or willfully mislead

Click on "read more" below to continue to learn more about Ethics, Morality, Critical Thinking and Public Speaking...

Ethics


Freedom of Speech does not guarantee freedom from consequence.

All Speech or any communication can change the lives or attitudes of listeners.

You are not free to willfully harm others, in speech or action.

Freedoms are not rights, but privileges. They can be abused or even taken away when they interfere with the rights of others.

Define ethics.

The study of human moral conduct or the branch of philosophy that addresses the right and wrong in human conduct.

A set of moral principals.
Moral, correct, right, proper, just, righteous, honorable, decent, upright, principled, fair, honest, good, virtuous, noble.
Varies by culture and individual, but generally a map or plan to determine right from wrong, truth from falsehood, acceptable form unacceptable.

Ethics
    1. Truthful and non-harmful (declaimer or do not use if harmful).
    2. Should not take the place of other evidence or support for claims.
    3. Alert audience if any images have been altered
    4. Does the image represent an underlying truth?
    5. Is there a valid reason for its use?
    6. Has the image been manipulated, and if so by whom, why and does it remain truthful?
    7. Context. Does it hold up in context? Has it been taken out of context?
    8. Be healthily skeptical about images and other presentation aids
(Commissar’s image, Internet contextual misrepresentation, sequential manipulation, others)


Remember that images carry ethical responsibility and can harm or willfully mislead.


Truth as objective or subjective.

Differentiate between absolute, platonic, relative and Aristotelian truths. See text.

Who were the Sophists?
What is the relationship between culture and truth?
Who is dogmatism?
What is ethnocentrism?
Define Ethos, Pathos, Logos and Mythos.
Give a more detailed definition of Ethos.
How can you incorporate ethics, morals and rights into your speaking?

Dogmatic

Rigidity of belief, example are basic religious beliefs (but dogmatism is not limited to religion and all religious beliefs are not necessarily dogmatic).
Given to asserting to imposing personal beliefs opinions on others.
Doctrinal in structure or belief. Doctrine exercised.
Based on prior principles.
Making unsupported acceptations.
Arbitrary, categorical, dictatorial, pontifical, imperious, peremptory, overbearing, authoritarian, autocratic, uncompromising, high-handed, self-righteous, insistent, Assertive, arrogant, domineering, obdurate, stubborn, intolerant, opinionated, pushy, non-moving in belief, imposing beliefs on others, unquestioning beliefs.

Ethics Continued
A.    Ethical Communication enhances human worth and dignity by enhancing worth and dignity through fostering truthfulness, fairness, responsibility, personal integrity, and respect for self and others.- NCA
B.    Ethics apply to both the speaker and the audience.
C.    Ethics involve contributing positive communication
D.   Critique should be both positive and negative
E.    Negative is never to attack, belittle, undermine or to create or reinforce false information or images. Negative critique is to help the speaker or listener look at their own views or styles and find ways to improve. Points out what is wrong does not have to be attack or harmful.
F.    Core Values
1.Truth
2.Ethics
3.Honesty
4.Reason
5.Avoid plagiarism
6. Improve listening skills
7. Freedom of expression
G.   Diversity of expression
H.   Cultural diversity
I.      Diversity of perspective
J.     Tolerance of Dissent
K.   First Amendment of the Constitution
I. –isms (sexism, ageism, racism, etc.) build walls and as such are unethical in public speaking

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