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Saturday, December 8, 2012

APA References Example

From my dissertation draft, various APA documents in references, which follow your paper or outline. Remember that you must also use APA format specific to showing where references are used inside the outline. Books, abstracts, academic journals, video, interviews, all sources are shown differently in a specific format for the document. See all APA help in the right hand column of this blog and/or use the services of the Writing Center and Communication Lab at your campus for assistance.

Afterschool Alliance (2010). Retrieved from

Armstrong, T. (2010). Multiple Intelligences. Retrieved from

Aronowitz, S. (2008). Against schooling: for an education that matters.  Boulder, CO:
Barber, B.R. (1992). An Aristrocracy of Everyone: The politics of education and the
                        future of America. New York: Oxford University Press.
Bastion, A, Friemter. N., Gittel, M. Greet, C., Haskins, K. (1985). Choosing equality: The
                        Case for democratic schooling in J. W. Fraser (Ed.), The School in the United
Baxter, P. & Jack, S. (2008). Qualitative case study methodology: study design and
                        implementation for novice researchers. The Qualitative Report, 13(4). 544-559
                        Retrieved from
Bigelow, C. (1914). World democracy and school democracy in J. F. Fraser (Ed.) The
                        School in the United States: A documentary history (pp. 197 – 198)
Blank, M. and Pearson, S.S.   (2009) Community schools race to top of the class.
                        Retrieved from

Blatner, A. (2009). Role playing in education. Retrieved from
Bowen, H.R. (1999). Goals: The intended outcomes of higher education. In J.L. Bess &
                        D.S. Webster (Eds). Foundations of American Higher Education (2nd Ed.),
                        (pp. 23-37).
Brooks, J.G. and Brooks, M.G. (1999). In search of understanding: The case for
                        constructivist classrooms. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and
Curriculum Development. Retrieved from

Click "Read More" below for additional examples of APA use.

Broun, A.R., Puriefoy, W.D., Richard, E. (2006). Public engagement in school reform:
Building public responsibility for public education. Retrieved  August 16. 2010 from

Bruner, J. (1985, June-July). Models of the learner. Educational Researcher, 14(6).

Caplan, J. (1998). Critical issue: Construing school partnerships with family &

                        community Groups.

Caplan, J.G. & Calfee, C.S. (2006). Strengthening connections between schools and after
school programs. Retrieved from
Creswell, J.W (2008). Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating
                        quantitative and qualitative research. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson.
Dewey, J (1897, Jan.) My pedagogic creed (Electronic Version) School Journal, 54,  77-
Dewey, J. (1916). Democracy and education [electronic version]

Dewey, J. (1938.). Experience and education. Retrieved March 21, 2010 from

Dewey, J. (2001). The school & society. In J. W. Fraser, Ed., The School in the
                        United States: A documentary history  (pp. 198 – 206). New York: McGraw Hill.
                        (Originally published 1899).
Edwards, B. & Foley, M.W. (2001). Civil society and social capital: A primer. In B.
Edwards, M. W. Foley & M. Diani (Eds.) In Beyond Tocqueville: Civil Society and the Social Capital Debate in Comparative Perspectives (pp.  1 – 16).

Flagg, Y.E. (2001). Isolation in the schools. In J. W. Fraser, Ed. The School in the
                        United States: A documentary history (pp. 191-193). (Originally published in
Frankel, S.L., Streitburger, K & Goldman, E. (2005, Jan). Afterschool learning: A study
                        of academically focused afterschool programs in New Hampshire. Retrieved
                        March 21, 2010 from
Forum for Education and Democracy (2010). Teaching, learning and governance Issues
Retrieved from

Gallagher, C. (1999). Lev Semyonovich Vygotsky.  Retrieved August 16, 2010 from
Gardner, H. (2010). The GoodWorks Projects. Retrieved August 27, 2010 from
Golafshani, G. (2003). Understanding reliability and validity in qualitative research. 
Groenewald, T. (2004, April). A phenomenological research design illustrated.
                        International Journal of Qualitative Methods 3(1).
Gutek, G. (2004). Educational philosophy and changes. Boston, MA: Pearson.
Gutmann, A. (1987). Education for democracy. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University
Hanley, S. (1994) Constructivism Maryland Collaboration for Teacher Preparation.

Hoge, J.D.   ( 2003). Teaching history for citizenship in the elementary school. Retrieved
                        from http:///
Horn, A. (2005). Museum youth initiatives. Retrieved July 21, 2010 from
Intercultural Center for Research  (2005).  Massachusetts Afterschool Research Study.
Retrieved from 

Jordan, J. (1998). Critical issue: Construing school partnerships with family &

Community groups [excerpt from interview]. Retrieved July 27, 2010

Lauer, P. A., Akiba, M., Wilkerson, S. B., Apthorp, H. S., Snow, D., & Martin-Glenn, M. L.

(2006). Out-of-school-time programs: A meta-analysis of effects for at-risk students. Review of Educational Research, 76(2), 275–313.

Learning (2010). Retrieved on August 16, 2010 from

Lester, S. (1999). An introduction to phenomenological research.

Little, P.M. (2009). Supporting student outcomes through expanded learning
Opportunities In Enhancing School Reform Through Expanded Living. Retrieved from 

Lombardi, M.M. (2008). Making the grade: The role of assessment in authentic
Learning. [Educase Learning Initiative paper]. Retrieved August 27, 2010 from http//:

Loss, G.G. & Loss, C. (2010). Progressive education, philosophical foundations,
pedagogical progressivism, administrative progressivism, life-adjustment
progressivisism Retrieved from href=”

McGillivray, A. & Walker, P. (2000). Local social capital: Making it work on the
ground. In S. Baron, J. Field, and T. Schuller (Eds.). Social Capital: Critical Perspectives (pp. 197 – 211). New York: Oxford University Press.

Marshall, C. & Rossman, G. (1999). Designing qualitative research (3rd ed.). Thousand
                        Oaks, CA: Sage.

Mason, J. (1996). Qualitative Researching. London: Sage.
Mathews, D. (2008, Apr). The public and public schools: The co-production of
education.Phi Beta Kappa, 89(8) 560-564. Retrieved from

McCaslin, N. and Schonmann, S. (2006). Creative drama in the classroom & beyond.
                        Boston: Pearson.

McDonough, A. (2003). Scripting our lives: creating oral history theatre. Oral History
Course, UNLV.

McMaster, J.C. ( 1998, April). Doing literature: Using drama to build literacy. The
                        Reading Teacher, 51, 7.

Miles, M.B. & Hubermann, A.M. (1004). Qualitative data analysis: an expanded
                        sourcebook,(2nd ed). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Miller, E., Vanderhoof, B., Patterson, H.J. & Clegg, L.B. (1998). Integrating drama
                        In the social studies class.  The Clearinghouse, 6. Retrieved August 16, 2010

Moore, M.M (2004). Using drama as an effective method for teaching elementary. 

Munn, P. (2000). Social capital, schools & exclusions. In S. Baron, J. Field & T. Schuller
                        (Eds.) Social capital: Critical Perspectives (pp. 168 – 181). New York: Oxford
                        University Press.

         Nassbaum-Beach, S.  ( 2009, August 1). The fabric of community: The key to

transforming education. Retrieved from http://www.21stcentury

            National Commission on Excellence of Education (1983). A nation at risk: The
                        Imperative for education reform. In J. Fraser (Ed.)   The school in the United
                        States A documentary history (pp. 321 – 327). New York: McGraw Hill.

National Assessment of Adult Literacy (2010). Retrieved August 27, 2010 from

Neale, P., Thapa, D. & Boyce, C. (2006, May). Preparing a case study: A guide for
                        Designing and conducting a case study for evaluation input. Retrieved from
Nitta, K.A., Holley, M.J. & Wrobel, S.L. (2010). A phenomenological study of rural
                        School consolidation. Journal of Research in Rural Education, 25(2).

Noddings, N. (2007). Philosophy of education, 2nd ed. Boulder, Co: Westview Press.

Patrick, J.J. (2000). The concept of citizenship in education for democracy. Retrieved

Peterson, P. (2009, October 19) Nobel Prize Winner Elinor Ostrum and her theory of co-

Putnam, R.D. & Feldstein, L.M. (2003). Better together: Restoring the American
                        community. New York: Simon & Shuster.

Putnam, R. (2002). Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of the American
Community. New York: Simon & Shuster.

Reiser, A.C. (2003).  Chautaugua movement. Dictionary of American History. . Retrieved from 

Rule, A.C. (2006). Editorial: The components of authentic learning. Journal of Authentic
                        Learning, 3, 1, pp. 1-10.

Schuller, T., Baron, S. &  Field, J. (2000). Social capital: A review & critique. In S.
Baron, J. Field & T. Schuller (Eds.) Social capital: Critical perspectives (pp. 1 – 38). New York: Oxford University Press.

Shields, P.M. (1994, Sept). Bringing in schools and communities together in preparation
                        for the 21st century: Implications of the current educational reform movement
                        for family and community involvement policies. Retrieved from

Shirkey, C.  (2008, Oct 20). Coase, collaboration & here comes everybody. Retrieved on
                        June 21, 2010 from

Smilkstein, R. (2003). The natural learning process: Guidelines for curriculum
development and lesson plans. Retrieved from

Smith, M.K. (2010). Informal education. Retrieved from

Stonehill, R.M., Little, P.M., Ross, S.M., Neergaard, L., Harrison, L., Ford, J. , et al
(2009, January). Enhancing school reform through expanded learning. (Paper). Retrieved from…/EnhancingSchoolReformthrough

Stonehill, (2009). Expanded learning opportunities and the 21st century challenge.

Szreter, S. (2000). Social capital, the economy, and education in historical perspective in
                        S. Baron, J. Field, and T. Schuller (Eds.) Social capital: Critical
                        perspectives (pp. 56 – 76). New York: Oxford University.

TESLOW (n.d.) Qualitative research: case study guidelines. Retrieved October 27 from

Trow, M (1999) (1999) American higher education – past, present and future. In J.
                        L. Bess and D. S. Webster, Foundations of American Higher Education (2nd ed.)
                        (pp. 7-22). Needham Heights, MA: Simon & Shuster.

Wadsworth, D. (2005). Ready or not? Where the public stands on higher education
                        reform In R. H. Hersch and J. Merrow (Eds.). Declining by Degrees: Higher
                        Education at Risk (pp. 23 – 37).

Youniss, J., McLellan, J.A., Yates, M. (2001). A developmental approach to civil society.
In B. Edwards, M.W. Foley & M. Diani (Eds.) Beyond Tocqueville: Civil society and the social capital debate in comparative perspective (pp. 243 – 253). Hanover, NH: University Press of New England.

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