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Tuesday, April 24, 2012

Net Migration from Mexico Falls to Zero—and Perhaps Less. Poverty high among American Mexican youth. What exactly does it mean to be Hispanic? Latino?

The largest wave of immigration in history from a single country to the United States has come to a standstill. After four decades that brought 12 million current immigrants—more than half of whom came illegally—the net migration flow from Mexico to the U.S. has stopped and may have reversed. 


The standstill appears to result from the weakened U.S. job market, heightened border enforcement, a rise in deportations, the growing dangers associated with illegal border crossings, and changing economic and demographic conditions in Mexico. In addition Mexican households are becoming smaller, with fewer births per capita. Money made in the US can stretch further in Mexico, contributing to the advantages of returning home for both legal and undocumented immigrants.

Mexican immigration exceeded Italian immigration in numbers, but not in the percentage of the contemporary American population, so the largest percentage immigration remains from Italy.


Unauthorized Immigrant Population: National and State Trends, 2010
PH_12.04.23a_Mexican-Population-in-US

When Labels Don’t Fit: Hispanics and Their Views of Identity

Nearly four decades after the U.S. government mandated the use of the terms “Hispanic” or “Latino” to categorize Americans who trace their roots to Spanish-speaking countries, a new nationwide survey of Hispanics finds that these terms still haven’t been fully embraced by Hispanics themselves. A majority says they most often identify themselves by their family’s country of origin while just one-quarter says they prefer a pan-ethnic label.


Between Two Worlds: How Young Latinos Come of Age in America

2 comments:

Anonymous said...

When more people are trying to leave a country than enter it, it should be taken as a warning that something is wrong. But in this situation I think it is a problem that is fixing itself. Any government climate that promotes legal citizenship should be supported by the entire country. The issue with immigration is divided along the lines of people who support requiring legal documentation verses those who support free emigration. The citizens of this country need to take a look at what is best for the county as a whole and not just for the individuals they know.

Michael UOP HUM114

A Carlos Com 101-4049 said...

I would say that the majority of those leaving their counrties are looking for a better life, it's not about losing their identity and reinventing themselves. The majority of immigrants love their homeland and some even look forward to retiring there in their old age. A word of advice, don't call a Mexican, a Salvadorean and vice-versa, I would venture to say that it's the same as calling an American a Canadian and Vice-versa. Hispanic children, especially anchor babies are viewed grow up trying to find a place in the world, being from neither here nor there and have and especially hard time identifying with either culture.