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Sunday, September 9, 2012

Ethics and Public Speaking

To help foster responsible communication, the National Communication Association has developed a Credo for Ethical Communication. You can access it at www.natcom.org/policies/External/EthicalComm.htm.

You can learn a great deal about free-speech issues on the Internet. One source is the American Civil Liberties Union Free Speech website at www.aclu.org/FreeSpeech/FreeSpeechmain.cfm. Another is the Freedom Forum's First Amendment site at www.firstamendmentcenter.org.

For further study:

Steven Boyd: http://www.sideroad.com/

A list of study questions on the subject of ethics and ethical practices:


1

Because speechmaking is a form of power, it carries with it heavy ____________ responsibilities.
A)ethical
B)psychological
C)sociological
2

____________ is the branch of philosophy that deals with issues of right and wrong in human affairs.
A)Linguistics
B)Ethics
C)Theology
3

In public speaking, sound ethical decisions involve weighing a potential course of action against
A)a set of ethical standards or guidelines.
B)the practicality of taking that course of action.
C)a set of legal criteria for acceptable speech.
D)the speaker's goals in a given situation.
4

Even though there can be gray areas when it comes to assessing a speaker's goals, it is still necessary to ask ethical questions about those goals.
A)True
B)False
5

Because listeners recognize that public speakers are promoting their self-interest, it is acceptable for speakers to alter evidence.
A)True
B)False
6

Which of the following violates the speaker's ethical obligation to be honest in what she or he says?
A)juggling statistics
B)quoting out of context
C)citing unusual cases as typical examples
D)all of the above
7

The larger the audience becomes, the greater is the ethical responsibility of the speaker to be fully prepared.
A)True
B)False
8

____________ is the use of language to defame, demean, or degrade individuals or groups.
A)Name-calling
B)Ethnocentrism
C)Hyperbole
9

If you present another person's language or ideas as your own, you are guilty of ____________.
A)defamation
B)personification
C)plagiarism
10

Stealing ideas or language from two or three sources and passing them off as one's own is called
A)global plagiarism.
B)patchwork plagiarism.
C)incremental plagiarism.
D)admissible plagiarism.
11

Gabrielle, a physiology major, waited until the last minute to begin preparing her persuasive speech. When her friend Ken learned that she was panicking over the assignment, he gave her the outline of a speech he had delivered in class the previous semester. Gabrielle used the speech and presented it as her own.
A)Gabrielle is guilty of no ethical offense because Ken willingly gave her his speech.
B)Gabrielle is guilty of patchwork plagiarism because she took her speech entirely from a single source and passed it off as her own.
C)Gabrielle is guilty of global plagiarism because she took a speech entirely from a single source and passed it off as her own.
D)Gabrielle is guilty of incremental plagiarism because she took ideas or language from two or three sources and passed them off as her own.
12

When a speaker _____________, she restates or summarizes an author's ideas in her own words.
A)illustrates
B)rationalizes
C)paraphrases
13

It is only necessary for a speaker to identify his or her source when quoting verbatim rather than when paraphrasing.
A)True
B)False
14

Even if your speech as a whole is ethical, you can still be guilty of ____________ plagiarism if you fail to give credit for quotations, paraphrases, and other specific parts of the speech that are borrowed from other people.
A)normal
B)incremental
C)technical
15

Protecting a speaker's freedom to express his or her ideas implies agreement with those ideas.
A)True
B)False
16

What is the ethical reason to avoid racist, sexist, and other kinds of abusive language?
17

When preparing his speech, Chad, a physiology major, checked out two books on the principles of neuromuscular therapy and paraphrased their ideas. Because he expressed the information in his own words, Chad decided not to cite his sources. Was he guilty of plagiarism? Explain.
18

What are the three ethical obligations of listeners?

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