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Saturday, October 15, 2011

TED Ideas Worth Sharing (and a good spot for speech ideas and examples)

This week: Explore the power of beauty ... find out what babies are really thinking ... and hear what's been called "the greatest commencement speech ever given."

     A story, a work of art, a face, a designed object -- why does beauty matter so much to us? Designer Richard Seymour explores our response to beauty.  Watch now >>

        Vivek Trivedi on
What's your TED habit?    

         "I usually go through TED-conversations on daily basis during my work breaks which were previously smoke breaks. I have kicked out smoking just because of TED as whenever I feel like having a smoke break, I just enter in the word of conversations where people from all round the globe sharing their views for something interesting and rejuvenating. TED talks I prefer to hear before going to bed to relieve all day stress and after waking up, to have positive energy through out the day. Thanks TED for making my world smoke free."

        Tobias Duncan on
Alison Gopnik: What do babies think?    

         "I find the dance between nature and nurture to be fascinating.She seems to imply that the broccoli experiment shows learned behavior between 15 and 18 months. I wonder if this could also be explained as some gene expression that kicks in in that tim       

     "Babies are like the R&D division of the human species," says psychologist Alison Gopnik. Her research explores the deep thoughts behind a baby's eyes

    Charles Hazlewood talks about the role of trust in musical leadership -- then shows how it works, as he conducts the Scottish Ensemble onstage. Watch now

     Less than 10% of plastic trash is recycled, because it's hard to find and sort different kinds. Frustrated by this waste, Mike Biddle made a new plan.

     In his legendary Stanford commencement speech, Steve Jobs urges us to pursue our dreams and see opportunities in setbacks -- including death itself. IDEAS WORTH SPREADING

TED on Dailymotion!
New: Watch TEDTalks
Browse great playlists --
and subtitles in up to
8 languages.

Neighborhood III; Requisition of Doom

Neighborhood 3: Requisition of Doom
by Jennifer Haley
October 21 - Nov 6, 2011

Walk with the Zombies TONIGHT

The Walking Dead will be out in force tonight in Boulder City!

About Us
ombie Walk in Boulder City When the dead rise in horror movies, they usually want to go on some type of brain-eating spree. Not on Saturday night; the undead will invade Boulder City ... to raise money for the St. Jude’s Ranch for Children! The walk begins in Wilbur Square Park and ends at Boulder Dam Brewing Company with a zombie bash, complete with live music and a raffle to raise funds for the cause. October 15, 6:30 p.m., free.

St. Jude’s Ranch for Children rescues abused, abandoned and neglected children of all races and faiths from the vicious cycle of child abuse. We provide healing and nurturing in a safe home-like environment where children can learn life skills to start new lives with new chances, new choices and new hope.

The Boulder City, Nevada Campus is located about thirty miles outside of Las Vegas. The landmark for this campus is a beautiful Spanish- style chapel at the entrance of the campus. When you walk into the chapel you will notice the paintings on the wall are of children who once lived at the ranch. Their names have also been written on the stones inside the chapel, a constant reminder of how many children have been cared for here. This campus sits on 40 acres overlooking Lake Mead, there are eight cottages and an independent living facility fully equipped to care for children who, through no fault of their own, have been abused, abandoned or neglected.

Chapter 16: Special Occasion and Group Speeches

This chapter summary is written by the authors of the authors of the text, "Public Speaking, the Evolving Art (ISBN-13:978-0-534-636727-9). It is a summary and should not take the place of reading the textbook or using the other resources provided on Angel by the publisher, course instructor or school.
Chapter Summary

Many special occasions call for some type of speech. Speeches of introduction prepare the audience to listen to the main speaker. Speeches of nomination focus on the qualities that make the nominee the best person for the position or award. Award presentations provide background information about the award and the recipient. Speakers accepting awards should be thankful and humble in their brief comments. After-dinner speeches are meant to entertain. Tributes and eulogies typically provide inspiration. Some occasions call for speaking on camera.

Groups may give several types of presentations, including oral report, panel discussion, roundtable discussion, symposium, and forum. For an oral report, one member of the group presents the entire report. Panel discussions involve a moderator asking questions of experts on a topic in front of an audience. Round table discussions also include expert speakers, but the focus is on the exchange of ideas among participants, so an audience is not present. Symposiums are the most common form of classroom group presentations. Speakers each choose a subtopic of the group's topic and present individual speeches to an audience. Forums are question-and-answer sessions. They may stand alone, but more often they occur directly after an oral report, panel discussion, or symposium.

Groups often use videoconferencing to connect people in geographically dispersed locations. As with any public speaking situation, preparing and practice are essential to giving an effective presentation during a videoconference. During the presentation, minimize extraneous movement and speak clearly--vocal cues play a key role in audience comprehension during videoconferences.

In addition to all the qualities that go into effective public speaking, group presentations must form a unified whole. A group presentation's cohesiveness is evaluated in five areas: preparation as a group, coordination of the presentation, active listening, clear references to the group, and achievement of the group's goal. Preparation as a group should be evident in the presentation's structure and content. An effective overview, smooth transitions, and a closing summary help coordinate the group's presentation. Active listening allows speakers to comment on what others have said and avoid unnecessary repetition. Clear references to the group, such as using we and referring to other participants' points, help knit together the presentation. The degree to which the group has achieved its goal is the final area of evaluation.

Graduation Speeches
A Yahoo! directory of speeches
given at various graduations.
Presidential Nomination and Acceptance Speeches
Part of the American Presidency Project
at the University of California, Santa Barbara,
this site includes presidential nomination
and acceptance speeches, starting in 1880.
The Art of the Commencement Speech
An archive of commencement speeches
focusing on human rights issues.
Web Conferencing Tips
Suggestions for preparing for a web conference,
integrating digital slides into your presentation,
and delivering your presentation.
Wedding Speeches and Toasts
A Yahoo! directory of speeches given
at weddings and similar events.

Chapter 12: Delivery

Chapter 12: Delivering Your Speech

This chapter summary is written by the authors of the authors of the text, "Public Speaking, the Evolving Art (ISBN-13:978-0-534-636727-9). It is a summary and should not take the place of reading the textbook or using the other resources provided on Angel by the publisher, course instructor or school.

Chapter Summary
Speakers use four delivery methods: impromptu, extemporaneous, manuscript, and memorized. For most speeches, you'll want to speak extemporaneously, balancing careful planning with flexibility.
Several factors influence a public speaker's delivery, including culture and gender.

Cultural norms that differ from those of the United States might require a public speaking student to develop new and adaptive skills. Similarly, women speakers often have to adapt to the fact that audiences evaluate women and men differently in some aspects of speech delivery. For example, audiences evaluate a female speaker's credibility primarily on her use of trustworthy sources, while they evaluate a male speaker's credibility on a broader range of factors. In addition, women often have trouble being heard because they tend to speak in a lower volume and at a higher pitch.

A well-prepared speaker can overcome negative audience perceptions, regardless of gender.

Other factors that influence delivery are language fluency, dialect, and physical impairments. Regarding fluency, stuttering and dialect are common issues. Research has found that speakers who stutter may best manage the problem through acknowledgement and eye contact with the audience. And all speakers should examine their dialect and make any adjustments necessary for audience comprehension.

Speakers with physical impairments may need to adjust their delivery in ways that work best for them and the audience.

Delivering your speech well means effectively managing your voice, your body, and your audience. In managing your voice and body, apply strategies such as using good vocal variety, clearly articulating your words, dressing for the occasion, making eye contact with your entire audience, and radiating positivity.

To manage your audience effectively, adjust your speaking space as needed, involve the audience in your speech, respect the audience's time, accommodate audience members with impairments, handle hostile or rude audience members calmly, and be prepared for questions, answering as completely as you can.

Careful research, planning, organizing, and preparation provide a solid base for presenting your speech. The presentation outline helps you achieve an organized, engaging, and professional presentation. This outline and your note cards serve as your personal cueing system when you give your speech. Practice your speech in stages, distilling your complete-sentence outline into a brief presentation outline. Incorporate any presentation materials into the speech as you practice, making modifications as necessary. Put in quality practice time so that when speech day arrives you're prepared to give an excellent version of your speech. Closely manage your time, adjusting your speech as needed.

Delivering your speech brings together all your planning and preparation. This is your opportunity to shine--do it with flair and style!

American Rhetoric This site features text, audio, and video for thousands of speeches given over the last several decades. You can explore the vocal delivery of various speakers by listening to the audio of the speeches provided, and the videotaped speeches give you an opportunity to see many different examples of physical delivery.

History Channel Speeches Browse for speeches by topic, or review the entire list of speeches available on the site. What effective delivery strategies do speakers on this site use?

Martin Luther King Video Gallery Part of the MLK Online website, this section features videos of Dr. King's speeches. Listen to and watch these speeches to learn how Dr. King used various delivery techniques to motivate his audiences. Communication professors Martin Medhurst and Paul Stob developed and manage this website that focuses on information and resources related to the study of U.S. presidential rhetoric. The site includes speeches, links to online resources, and an annotated bibliography of scholarship related to presidential rhetoric.

Taming Anxiety when Delivering a Speech This site, hosted by the University of Hawai'i Maui Community College Speech Department, provides some useful tips about how to manage your anxiety while you’re delivering your speech.

Chapter 10: Using Language Effectively

Chapter 10: Using Language Effectively

This chapter summary is written by the authors of the authors of the text, "Public Speaking, the Evolving Art (ISBN-13:978-0-534-636727-9). It is a summary and should not take the place of reading the textbook or using the other resources provided on Angel by the publisher, course instructor or school.

Chapter Summary

Language enlivens your ideas--the words you choose get your audience's attention, help them visualize your main points, and facilitate their ability to remember what you say. Language refers to the system of words you use to communicate with others. It is arbitrary, ambiguous, abstract, and active, characteristics that present speakers with both opportunities and challenges.

Because language is arbitrary, audiences may interpret your words in ways you don't intend. Because language is ambiguous, consider both the connotative and denotative meanings of the words you use. Because language is abstract, consider when to discuss ideas and concepts rather than tangible objects and specific actions. Because language is active, the words you use and how you use them change over time.

Language and culture are interdependent. You learn about the meanings of words from your culture, and words help you interpret culture. Slang, jargon, idioms, euphemisms, and clichés highlight the link between language and culture. Because your audiences may not always share your cultural background, it's best to avoid these types of culture-specific words or phrases unless they're essential to the speech. You must also pay attention to gender and language when you give a speech, considering how the gender of your listeners will affect how they interpret your message. In addition, use nonsexist language to avoid alienating some members of your audience.

Spoken language differs from written language in that it is dynamic, immediate, informal, irreversible, based in narrative, and rhythmic, whereas written language is static, distant, formal, revisable, able to describe multiple facts, and rich in imagery. When you give a speech to an audience, use spoken language in an engaging, conversational manner and use audience-centered language. When you take an audience-centered approach, you put your language in context, personalize your language, use inclusive language, use visual language, and spark imagination with your language.

The language you speak determines the way you see, perceive and understand the world around you. Safir- Whorf states that we can only understand to the extent of our ability to comprehend through language. Speakers need to understand the most effective language to use to send the desired message successfully to their intended audience.

To successfully use language to engage your audience, use spoken language, choose meaningful words, balance clarity and ambiguity, strive for conciseness, avoid offensive or aggressive language, build in redundancy, and don't get too attached to your words.

Cambridge International Dictionary of English This is just one of many fine online dictionaries. The online version of Cambridge includes examples of how to use a term appropriately. Also includes activities and worksheets. 

ESL Idiom Page View English language idioms alphabetically or randomly, with meanings and examples. Idiom of the day, English idiom quizzes, and a fairly lengthy index of common and not-so-common English idioms. 

OneLook Dictionaries Searches over 1,000 dictionaries for words and phrases. Includes a reverse dictionary in which you describe the idea or concept to identify the word you want to use. T Search the site by key word or browse by category. The article “How to Use a Thesaurus” provides useful tips on making the most of your searches. 

Word Spy Word Spy is “devoted to lexpionage, the sleuthing of new words and phrases.” The site includes definitions and histories of words, from acoustic privacy to zorse.

Direct threats to US Security from Iran

Assassination attempt against the UN Ambassador from Saudi Arabia planned and paid for my Iran.

The attempt was ordered by the Ayatollah.

Within the year Iran is expected to have a full blown nuclear weapons program.

Israel, India and Pakistan have all said they cannot allow Iran to have the bomb.

Israel says they will take action before bomb production can be made active in Iran.

Conservative military leaders in Iran, who cautioned against a war, are retiring or dieing off.

There has been a strong increase in the influence of the Muslim Fundamentalist Hierarchy.

Iran's religious leadership have been linked to financing and training of those behind successful attacks against US troops and civilians in Iraq and Afghanistan.

Iran has been linked as part of Chinese attacks against US business Internet sites.

Remember that the threat is those who plan and pay for attacks and arms, not the people of Iran.

Key Pension Funds votes to keep Murdocks off News Corp Board

Rupert and James Murdoch
 From the LA Times Company Town blog (click here).

The nation's largest public pension fund said it would vote against the reelection of media mogul Rupert Murdoch and his sons, James and Lachlan, to News Corp.'s board of directors.

The California Public Employees Retirement System, or CalPERS, said in a statement Friday that the media giant's shareholders would benefit from greater board independence because of the dual class voting structure of the company. Murdoch controls about 40% of News Corp.’s voting shares.

The CalPERS announcement comes as an influential advisory firm, Institutional Shareholder Services,  this week advised voting against the reelection of 13 of the company's 15 directors, saying the British phone hacking scandal, and subsequent closing of the News of the World tabloid, reflects a failure of board “stewardship.”

Hermes Equity Ownership Services, another advisory service affiliated with Britain's largest pension fund, joined in calling on investors Friday to vote against the reelection of any Murdoch family member to the board at next week's annual shareholders' meeting.

From the LA Times Company Town blog (click here).

Apple Stocks Surve, America's Most Valuable Company Again

iPhone 4SApple will host a public memorial serevice for founder Steve Jobs tomorrow, Sunday, at Stanford University. Apple iPhone 4S successful launch in part a tribute to Jobs.

On the day it begins selling the iPhone 4S, "the final gadget unveiled during Steve Jobs' life," the stock surges to $422.

From the Hollywood Reporter (click here)
Despite an underwhelming event to unveil its iPhone 4S and the recent death of its visionary co-founder, investors seem to love Apple more than ever nowadays.
PHOTOS: Steve Jobs' 10 Memorable Milestones

On Friday, Apple shares rose 3 percent to a historic closing high of $422, giving the iconic technology firm a market capitalization of $391.2 billion. Still the world's most valuable publicly traded company, Apple is worth nearly four times more than Disney and Time Warner combined.

Since Apple's board chairman Steve Jobs died Oct. 5, a day after CEO Tim Cook showed off the iPhone 4S at a gathering that was roundly panned, the stock has risen 12 percent.

VIDEOS: Remembering Steve Jobs

Since then, though, the iPhone 4S has been getting solid reviews and the Wall Street Journal said pre-orders set a record, while Reuters reported that when the product went on sale Friday thousands queued up "around city blocks to snap up the final gadget unveiled during Steve Jobs' life."