Donate Today! Help us help others.

Lynch Coaching


Thursday, April 19, 2012

Oral Citations: Jumpstart Your Research (Step 7-Cite Your Sources).

A Guide to help with Oral Research, copyright CSN Library

Oral Citation Guide

This guide serves to assist CSN students in orally citing sources during a speech. Always check with your instructor to make sure these guidelines meet their requirements. 

Why cite your sources during a speech?

An oral citation conveys the reliability, validity and currency of your information. Citing your sources orally lets your audience know that you have researched your topic. 

CSN’s Student Academic Integrity Policy defines plagiarism as “intentionally using the words, creative works, or ideas of another, from the Internet or any source, without proper citation of the sources.” This policy, along with CSN’s Student Conduct Code and the Nevada System of Higher Education’s Code, prohibits plagiarism. 

Failure to provide an oral citation is considered a form of plagiarism, even if you cite your sources in a written outline, bibliography, works cited page or list of references. 

When you are delivering a speech, you must provide an oral citation for any words, information or ideas that are not your own. An oral citation is defined in Public Speaking, by Coopman and Lull (2009), as a “brief reference to a source during a speech” (p. 65).

Understanding quoting and paraphrasing

You are quoting a source when you say the information from that source word for word. When you use a quote in your speech, you must identify the source. You also must let the audience know that you are quoting. 

In an article in the November, 2004 issue of the South African Journal of Psychology, Dr. Derek Hook, a professor of social psychology at the London School of Economics, says, and I quote, “Racism comprises a set of representations of the other in terms of negatively evaluative contents.”

You are paraphrasing a source when you refer to someone else’s idea, but you say that idea in your own words. Before you talk about the idea, you must refer to the source. 

According to the “Tourette Syndrome Fact Sheet,” last updated March 9th, 2011 by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, symptoms of Tourette syndrome include uncontrolled blinking, grimacing and shoulder shrugging.

What should an oral citation include?

Mention the author’s name, along with credentials to establish that author as a credible source 
In the March 27th, 2011 issue of the New York Times, Pulitzer Prize winning author and foreign affairs columnist Thomas Friedman wrote…

Say the title of a book, magazine, journal or web site. You should identify the type of publication and provide a comment regarding credibility if the publication is not widely recognized 
In the November 10th, 2006 issue of Practice Nurse, the leading peer-reviewed journal for primary care nurses, author Sue Lyon describes shingles as…

Titles of articles do not necessarily have to be mentioned, unless you are using several articles from the same source. 

Say the date that a book, journal, magazine or newspaper was published. If you are using information from an interview, give the date when the person was interviewed. 

If you are using information from a website that doesn’t clearly show a date on the document, say the date that the web page was last updated and/or the date you accessed the website. 
The web page titled “The History of Figs,” dated 2011, provided by the California Fig Advisory Board, reveals varied uses of the fig: as a digestive aid, a treatment for skin pigmentation diseases, and a coffee substitute.


Anonymous said...

This is good information to know. This will definitely help me when I'm giving a speech.

Chris Jackson

Anonymous said...

When I did my Informative Speech, I went to the library on Flamingo and requested as many books that were availible on the topic. If they didnot have the book they got it for me through there library system. John Allen

Jessica Pacheco said...

Good to know. I feel more confident siting my sources from reading this.

Anonymous said...


COM 101

Mitch Yang said...

I will use the knowledge I learned from this link about oral citing, in my speeches now. Thanks for the great information.

Michael J. Jones said...

Thank you for posting this. I will utilize it to become more proficient in my oral citations.

Viviana Velasquez said...

Very helpful. Thank you !!!

Linda Ndenga said...

This is very helpful, especially since even when we are done with this class it will not be the end of citation as a whole,its needed through out college.
Linda Ndenga

Maura Goldberg COM101 6002 said...

I keep jacking up my citing efforts....I'll pay closer attention, thanks for the information which I can use in many classes to come!

Anonymous said...

Thank you for posting these, it will be helpful when i do my persuassive.
Alexis Cooper 101-6002

Trevino01 said...

This is all very helpful information that everybody should look at before giving a speech.

Anonymous said...

citation is something i have always known how to do. but what really pissed me off is when i wrote about my life experience put it out there for a stranger to read and know about me personally. and was then told it was plagerism that class did not end well.

sara phoenix

Karen Johnson Com 101-4080 said...

This is really helpful information whether giving a presentation or a speech on something specific. The Communication lab at CSN has helpful samples as well.

Anonymous said...

This is very helpful information. It will help in my upcoming persuasive speech. I would never plagiarize intentionally, but it's seems you could inadvertently do it in a speech. So I definitely see the need to practice, practice, practice.

S. Hayes PTA