Tuesday, March 24, 2009
Unit 12 Notes
Unit 12 Notes
I. We hit full run. Be sure to work well in advance, remember that grading gets harder, to fix the things I have critiqued (not only with yourself, but in other critiques). Outline, APA, sources inside outline, proper Narrative and proper Presentation Outline (Thumbnail) are important.
II. See me if you have questions, concerns or need any help.
III. Use the Communication Lab, Writing Center, Library and if needed tutors. You pay for them with your fees.
IV. Extra Credit.
A. Because of time the extra credit must be a paper.
B. The paper may be any length, but remember the quality will determine the grade so do not just toss it together at the last minutes.
C. You critique a speech, preferably in person or on video, which can be documented or affirmed by the instructor.
D. You use all of the terms from the class to show your understanding of how the concepts in the course are used in communication by the speaker and by both the intended and unintended audience.
E. You will score from one to fifty extra credit points, based on the quality of work you do on the paper.
F. You need not have any other sources besides the text, lecture and the actual speech.
G. Deadline is the day of the final, prior to taking the final. Those who use the testing lab, it is the class prior to the final exam.
H. Alternative: The current health care debate is historic in its scope and implications. You may look at the entire debate, the evolution of the debate or at a specific speech and do the following:
1. Use as many of the concepts of the course as apply (including persuasive and argumentation chapters) to review the rhetoric of the debate.
2. View the debate from the perspective of other social sciences, again using the concepts of this and the other study area in doing so.
3. Do a detailed study of the methods of persuasion used by either side in the debate (there are multiple sides once you start to look into it, so pick one and focus on that group or viewpoint). This study should use the terms and concepts of the course.
You must have references and links. Submit your paper electronically. You are also giving implied permission for the material to be posted on the blog or distributed to my three current COM 101 course sections.
Due date is open, however preferred while the issue remains topical and near the top of mind of fellow students and the media.
V. Final Exam must be taken on the day and time of the final. The only exceptions are those who arrange in advance, with legitimate reason, to take the exam in the language lab. Those who have document able work conflicts, disabilities or just cause must see the instructor at least one week prior to the exam to schedule an alternative time for taking the exam at the campus testing center. Dates will be during Finals week.
VI. General Observations and Rules
A. Most of you can still achieve an A if you choose to,
B. Length and other grading criteria will be strictly enforces as of week 12 (3/29 and beyond in Spring 2010 term)
C. You must attend class from now on if you wish to protect your grade. Notes, feedback on other speeches and your participation are critical to all of your classmates and your final grade.
D. You must speak on the day you signed up for or when your name is called, barring a documented reason for absence that meets the policies of the department and the dean…death, death in the immediate family, hospitalized illness, contagious illness with doctors excuse, accident with proof of time and place in a manner where alternative transportation is not possible…. etc. (see dean if you have questions).
E. Focus on the details of the outline, APA style, narrative, thumbnail/ presentation outline, use of presentation aids, use of notes, extemporaneous delivery, and on points indicated in the evaluation sheets posted on Web CT. Everything counts for the final two speeches.
F. Form study groups.
G. See me if you wish a “W”.
H. If you do the impromptu or persuasive speech, and/or take the final exam you will receive a grade (regardless of what that grade may be).
VII. Academic or Scholarly sources are:
A. Juried. They are reviewed by experts prior to publication.
B. Reliable press (University Press required for this class)
C. Include Scholarly Journals
D. Include Primary (you do the work) interviews with experts or those who experienced what you are talking about,
E. New York Times and Wall Street Journal count in this course only,
F. Include artifacts such as actual letters, documents and historic items.
G. Include laws and other primary documents (constitution, bible, etc…each only counts as one source in this course)
H. Does not include dictionaries, encyclopedias, textbooks, annuals, almanacs, atlases or other directory media.
I. Does not include summary popular newspapers, magazines, journals, web sites,
J. All .edu, .gov and .mil count as academic in this class section.
K. .com, most .orgs, .biz and other Internet suffixes do not count in this section.
L. It is where you end up, not the search engine you use that counts.
M. You need to use books and journals, interview and other sources. NOT ALL INTERNET.
N. If you have questions please see or write the instructor.
VIII. Visual Aids additional notes
A. Support your main points
B. Should be revealed, in most cases, slightly after you start to talk about it
C. May be used for emotional (Pathos), Logos, Ethos or Mythos support
D. Can be used to explain
E. Can be used to illustrate
F. May be used to remind
G. If point are up there in writing you are doing a “briefing”
H. Need to follow rules concerning color, contrast, text, fonts and other graphic arts guidelines
I. Must be seen, read and understood from the back of the room
J. Should be visible or audible to those with impairments (when possible)
K. Know the types of visual aids and how and where they are best used
L. Different aids are appropriate for differing locations, situations, topics and intended impact
M. No aid is inferior or superior to any other; only the use of the aid can be inferior or superior.
IX. Final Exam is closer than you think!
A. Study now
B. Find study partners with good notes or who did well on the midterm
C. Use the Discussion portion of Web CT to study with other sections
1. Share ideas
2. Ask Questions
3. Share notes
4. Set study group meetings
X. Review for Final (part 1)
A. Review midterm and all 5 quizzes
B. Review unit notes on the blog
C. Review Chapter Summaries on the blog
D. Do the exercises and watch the videos on Angel
E. Use the PowerPoint’s on Angel
F. Reread the book
G. Several questions on the final have to do with the types of speaking, including informative, persuasive, extemporaneous, impromptu, memorized, written document, storytelling, and all of the different special occasion speeches.
H. How many main points should a speech have and why? Use the textbook answer and not lecture.
I. Education is repetition.
J. What are the key words that give away that the speech is persuasive instead of simply informative.
K. A well constructed narrative can be equally informative and persuasive
L. Informative speeches may persuade
M. Persuasive speeches must inform
N. What are the advantages and disadvantages of written manuscripts, memorized speeches, extemporaneous and impromptu speaking?
O. Keyword, keynote, Thumbnail or Presentation Outlines should contain only a few key words per major thought to prompt your memory. They are all that is allowed (except for presentation aids) in a CCSN Extemporaneous speech at the podium, written on note cards that are easy to glance down scan if needed.
P. Review the nature of and use of line graphs, pie graphs, mountain graphs and bar graphs,
Q. You normally do not need to orally cite the volume and index number of the publication during a speech.
R. Research in social psychology has shown that most people find real examples to be more compelling than hypothetical ones.
S. Castastrophizing is a form of negative self-talk that involves blowing mistakes out of proportion.
T. Know and understand the communication model in detail, including related items such as the proofs, codes, ethnocentrism, assimilation, projection, and all items related to understanding the audience (demographics and so forth).
U. What is the transactional model and why is it referred to in that way?
V. What is semantic noise and is it one of the three major types of Noise in the communication model?
W. Review the section in impromptu speaking as there are several key questions concerning impromptu and the differences from extemporaneous presentation.
X. What is recency and how do you use it in a speech?
Y. What is source willingness?
Z. What is a proposition of policy?
AA. What are the tests of evidence?
BB. What is an academic source?
CC. Study and be able to spot the fallacies of argumentation.
DD. Understand the informative and persuasive structures/ designs. Be able to select which is appropriate for what situation or topic.
EE. Know the steps of each of the designs or structures for a speech and why each step exist (according to the textbook).
FF. Study and understand, be able to identify and explain the propositions of policy, value and fact.
XI. Review for Final Part II.
A. There are several questions concerning the “status quo”. Understand what it is and how to adapt to or address it.
B. When are each of the types of persuasive and informative speaking used? When is it best to select a specific design and why?
C. What are the rules for good effective eye contact?
D. What are the levels of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs and how do you use these in preparing and presenting a speech?
E. What are connotative, denotive and trigger words? What are the used for each of these and how, if at all, do they overlap?
F. Saphir-Whorf determined that the language you speak determines the way you interpret the world around you. What does this mean and how does it impact your ability as a communicator or listener?
G. Again, look real closely at the words, particularly physiological and psychological, before you finalize the answers of your questions.
H. What are the difficulties in becoming good listeners?
I. What is involved in ethical speaking? What are the elements of ethical speaking and the tests of ethics?
J. Comprehensive listening is listening to understand the message (in full)
K. What gets in the way of good listening?
L. Listening to provide emotional support is empathetic listening.
M. What does it mean to be dogmatic? Who practices dogmatism and under what circumstances?
N. What is absolute truth and who came up with or defined it?
O. What is relative truth, when is it used and who defined it?
P. Ethics is defined as the study of human moral conduct
Q. What are the sources of anxiety? How do you deal with each of these effectively?
R. Our words often mean more than one thing, and all parties involved in communication need to make efforts to choose words carefully and to understand words carefully. This calls for negotiated meaning. Why is this important and what elements of the communication process become involved in negotiating meaning?
S. Review all the questions you took notes on in the midterm, as most of those are repeated in the final.
T. The above reviews do not include all of the material on the exam; you are responsible for the entire textbook.