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Friday, October 16, 2009

Chapter 9: Introductions and Conclusions

1This chapter summary is written by the authors of the authors of the text, "Public Speaking, the Evolving Art (ISBN-13:978-0-534-636727-9). It is a summary and should not take the place of reading the textbook or using the other resources provided on Angel by the publisher, course instructor or school.

Chapter 9: Beginning and Ending Your Speech

Chapter Summary

In the speech introduction you get the audience's attention, indicate your purpose and thesis, establish your credibility, and preview your speech's main points. In creating the attention getter, consider your specific purpose and how much time you have to give the speech. Also, use your creativity and imagination to find a way to make your audience sit up, take notice, and want to listen to your speech. Present your thesis clearly so the audience understands the response you expect. Let the audience know you're an expert on your topic. Conclude the introduction by previewing your main points.

In your conclusion, review your main points, reinforce your specific purpose, and provide closure. Strategies for providing closure including ending with a quotation, making a dramatic statement, referring to the introduction, referring to subsequent events, reinforcing the speaker-audience connection, and thanking the audience. Increase the likelihood you'll achieve your specific purpose by leaving your audience with a lasting and positive impression.

See also information in the Course Content portion of Angel on beginning, getting started, introduction, body, conclusion, organizing and outlining your speech.


Attention Getting
Developed by Professor Hugh Ranks at Governors State University, this portion of his website explains how advertisers get the attention of consumers. How might you adapt some of these strategies for your speech?
http://webserve.govst.edu/pa/Advertising/Pitch/1-hi/attention_getting.htm
C-SPAN.org: Public Speeches
View and analyze recent and archived speeches across many categories, including Congress, economy, international, politics, and science, paying close attention to how speakers begin and end their speeches.
http://c-span.org/classroom/lang/speeches.asp
Gifts of Speech: Women's Speeches from Around the World
Compiled by Sweet Briar College, visitors are able to browse the site by speaker name or the year in which the speech was given (going back to 1848).
http://gos.sbc.edu/
History and Politics Outloud
HPOL is “is a searchable multimedia database documenting and delivering authoritative audio relevant to American history and politics.” Listen to and watch how important U.S. speakers have gained their audiences' attention and expertly ended their speeches.
http://hpol.org/

1 comment:

Anonymous said...

Introductions and conclusions are crucially important. I remember Prof. Lynch saying that that is basically the only parts of a speech that the audience remembers.

Erin Penman
Sec. 4080