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Saturday, October 15, 2011

Chapter 12: Delivery

Chapter 12: Delivering Your Speech

This chapter summary is written by the authors of the authors of the text, "Public Speaking, the Evolving Art (ISBN-13:978-0-534-636727-9). It is a summary and should not take the place of reading the textbook or using the other resources provided on Angel by the publisher, course instructor or school.

Chapter Summary
Speakers use four delivery methods: impromptu, extemporaneous, manuscript, and memorized. For most speeches, you'll want to speak extemporaneously, balancing careful planning with flexibility.
Several factors influence a public speaker's delivery, including culture and gender.

Cultural norms that differ from those of the United States might require a public speaking student to develop new and adaptive skills. Similarly, women speakers often have to adapt to the fact that audiences evaluate women and men differently in some aspects of speech delivery. For example, audiences evaluate a female speaker's credibility primarily on her use of trustworthy sources, while they evaluate a male speaker's credibility on a broader range of factors. In addition, women often have trouble being heard because they tend to speak in a lower volume and at a higher pitch.

A well-prepared speaker can overcome negative audience perceptions, regardless of gender.

Other factors that influence delivery are language fluency, dialect, and physical impairments. Regarding fluency, stuttering and dialect are common issues. Research has found that speakers who stutter may best manage the problem through acknowledgement and eye contact with the audience. And all speakers should examine their dialect and make any adjustments necessary for audience comprehension.

Speakers with physical impairments may need to adjust their delivery in ways that work best for them and the audience.

Delivering your speech well means effectively managing your voice, your body, and your audience. In managing your voice and body, apply strategies such as using good vocal variety, clearly articulating your words, dressing for the occasion, making eye contact with your entire audience, and radiating positivity.

To manage your audience effectively, adjust your speaking space as needed, involve the audience in your speech, respect the audience's time, accommodate audience members with impairments, handle hostile or rude audience members calmly, and be prepared for questions, answering as completely as you can.

Careful research, planning, organizing, and preparation provide a solid base for presenting your speech. The presentation outline helps you achieve an organized, engaging, and professional presentation. This outline and your note cards serve as your personal cueing system when you give your speech. Practice your speech in stages, distilling your complete-sentence outline into a brief presentation outline. Incorporate any presentation materials into the speech as you practice, making modifications as necessary. Put in quality practice time so that when speech day arrives you're prepared to give an excellent version of your speech. Closely manage your time, adjusting your speech as needed.

Delivering your speech brings together all your planning and preparation. This is your opportunity to shine--do it with flair and style!

American Rhetoric This site features text, audio, and video for thousands of speeches given over the last several decades. You can explore the vocal delivery of various speakers by listening to the audio of the speeches provided, and the videotaped speeches give you an opportunity to see many different examples of physical delivery.

History Channel Speeches Browse for speeches by topic, or review the entire list of speeches available on the site. What effective delivery strategies do speakers on this site use?

Martin Luther King Video Gallery Part of the MLK Online website, this section features videos of Dr. King's speeches. Listen to and watch these speeches to learn how Dr. King used various delivery techniques to motivate his audiences. Communication professors Martin Medhurst and Paul Stob developed and manage this website that focuses on information and resources related to the study of U.S. presidential rhetoric. The site includes speeches, links to online resources, and an annotated bibliography of scholarship related to presidential rhetoric.

Taming Anxiety when Delivering a Speech This site, hosted by the University of Hawai'i Maui Community College Speech Department, provides some useful tips about how to manage your anxiety while you’re delivering your speech.

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