Donate Today! Help us help others.

Lynch Coaching

Translate

Monday, June 3, 2013

Critical Thinking


Critical Thinking is the ability to listen, analyze, store and use information taking into account bias, prejudice and preexisting conclusions. Be open minded and ask questions. We understand critical thinking to be purposeful, self-regulatory judgment which results in interpretation, analysis, evaluation, and inference, as well as explanation of the evidential, conceptual, methodological, criteriological, or contextual considerations upon which that judgment is based.


What is Critical Thinking?

In your college studies you will often be told to “think critically” about a topic or questions.


But what is critical thinking?

Simply the ability to reason through things from differing perspectives, research when needed and cope to some form of consensus or belief.

In the late 1980s, the American Philosophical Association commissioned a study to better define the concept of critical thinking and how it can be recognized, taught, and assessed. Forty-six internationally recognized thinkers participated in the study through a two-year, qualitative research process known as the “Delphi method.” The panel, led by Dr. Peter Facione, published a report called “Critical Thinking: A Statement of Expert Consensus for Purposes of Educational Assessment and Instruction;” this is often referred to as “The Delphi Report.”


The following definition of critical thinking is quoted from the Executive Summary of that report (Facione, 1990):


CONSENSUS STATEMENT REGARDING CRITICAL THINKING AND THE IDEAL CRITICAL THINKER

We understand critical thinking to be purposeful, self-regulatory judgment which results in interpretation, analysis, evaluation, and inference, as well as explanation of the evidential, conceptual, methodological, criteriological, or contextual considerations upon which that judgment is based. CT is essential as a tool of inquiry. As such, CT is a liberating force in education and a powerful resource in one's personal and civic life. While not synonymous with good thinking, CT is a pervasive and self-rectifying human phenomenon. The ideal critical thinker is habitually inquisitive, well-informed, trustful of reason, open-minded, flexible, fair-minded in evaluation, honest in facing personal biases, prudent in making judgments, willing to reconsider, clear about issues, orderly in complex matters, diligent in seeking relevant information, reasonable in the selection of criteria, focused in inquiry, and persistent in seeking results which are as precise as the subject and the circumstances of inquiry permit. Thus, educating good critical thinkers means working toward this ideal. It combines developing CT skills with nurturing those dispositions which consistently yield useful insights and which are the basis of a rational and democratic society.

Reference

3 comments:

Anonymous said...

I believe (rather, I am convinced) that Team D did come up with the most comprehensive definition of Critical Thinking. As stated in class, critical thinking is an in-depth intellectual evaluation of an issue or topic for the purpose of determining the right course of action. Their definition clearly demonstrated the intellectual aspect as well as the analysis. After having a chance to think on it, the one suggestion I would make is to define the purpose in more depth. For example, the purpose of Critical Thinking is to gain a closer understanding of the truth by analyzing, evaluating, etc.
Alan Kennamer, HUM114

Anonymous said...

I am in complete agreeance with the concensus of a critical thinker. I feel that critical thinking is most definetly an essential tool for those of us with inquiring minds. Most importantly this must be done with an open mind and a purpose.

S.A.
HUM/114

Jana said...

The definition of CT from the Executive Summary of the Delphi Report depicts whom I want to be when I grow up “thinker-atively” speaking: a person able to reason, research, cope, and consistently yield useful insights.
Jana HUM/114